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Natural Ways to Prevent Macular Degeneration
- Family history of AMD
- Asian or Caucasian race
- Excessive exposure to sunlight
- Current or former smoker
- Blood vessel damage or health conditions that interfere with blood circulation
Living a Healthy Lifestyle
American Macular Degeneration Foundation http://www.macular.org
Macular Degeneration Partnership http://www.amd.org
Canadian Ophthalmological Society http://www.cos-sco.ca
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Age-related macular degeneration. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Available at: http://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/diseases/amd.cfm. Accessed November 18, 2013.
Age-related macular degeneration. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated October 17, 2013. Accessed November 18, 2013.
Chong EW, Kreis AJ, Wong TY, et al. Dietary omega-3 fatty acid and fish intake in the primary prevention of age-related macular degeneration: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Ophthalmol. 2008;126:826-833.
Evans JR, Lawrenson JG. Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements for preventing age-related macular degeneration. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012:CD000253.
Evans JR, Lawrenson JG. Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements for slowing the progression of age-related macular degeneration. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012:CD000254.
Hammond BR Jr, Wooten BR, Snodderly DM. Density of the human crystalline lens is related to the macular pigment carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin. Optom Vis Sci. 1997;74:499-504.
Landrum JT, Bone RA, Kilburn MD. The macular pigment: a possible role in protection from age-related macular degeneration. Adv Pharmacol. 1997;38:537-556.
Macular degeneration. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated August 22, 2013. Accessed November 18, 2013.
Macular degeneration treatment. American Academy of Ophthalmology Eye Smart website. Available at: http://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/diseases/amd-treatment.cfm. Accessed November 18, 2013.
Richer S, Stiles W, Statkute L, et al. Double-masked, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of lutein and antioxidant supplementation in the intervention of atrophic age-related macular degeneration: the Veterans LAST study (Lutein Antioxidant Supplementation Trial). Optometry. 2004;75:216-230.
3/6/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Sui GY, Liu GC, Liu GY, et al. Is sunlight exposure a risk factor for age-related macular degeneration: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012 Nov 10. [Epub ahead of print].
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2013
- Update Date: 11/18/2013