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Reducing Your Risk of Genital Herpes
Any person who is sexually active can be infected with genital herpes. Abstaining from oral, vaginal, and anal sex is the most assured way to remain uninfected. However, if you are sexually active, there are steps you can take to help reduce your risk of genital herpes:
- Have a mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner.
- Always use a latex condom during all sexual activity. Proper and consistent use of condoms is important in order for them to be effective.
- Avoid kissing and oral sex if your partner has cold sores. HSV-1 can be spread to the genital and anal areas through oral sex.
- Avoid risky behaviors, such as unprotected or anonymous sex.
- Know your status and your partner's. Openly discuss sexually transmitted diseases (STD)s.
- Have regular check-ups and get any recommended screening tests.
- Behavioral counseling may be advised if you are a sexually active person at increased risk for infection.
- Talk to your doctor about your risk factors and any concerns you have about STDs.
STD testing is the best way to monitor your status and your partner's status. Don't let the cost of healthcare deter you from knowing your status. Many local clinics and health facilities offer free screening tests.
Beauman JG. Genital herpes: A review. Am Fam Physician. 2005;72(8):1527-1534.
Genital herpes—CDC fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/herpes/stdfact-herpes-detailed.htm. Updated February 13, 2013. Accessed October 16, 2014.
Herpes genitalis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 8, 2014. Accessed October 16, 2014.
Jones CA. Vertical transmission of genital herpes: prevention and treatment options. Drugs. 2009;69(4):421-434.
Workowski KA, Berman S, et al. Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.
3/17/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Behavioral counseling interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Dec 16;161(12):894-901.
- Reviewer: David Horn, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014
- Update Date: 03/17/2015