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|Sprain: Grade 2|
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- Muscle weakness
- Lack of flexibility
- Coordination and balance difficulties
- Sudden change in direction
- Impact with object or other person
- Misstep that causes a sudden strain at a joint
- Pain immediately after the sprain—without treatment, the pain becomes worse over the next 24 hours
- A popping sound
- Local swelling, often within minutes
- Trouble moving the joint
- Increased pain when putting pressure on the injured area
- Thumb or finger joints
Ice and Heat
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pain medication, such as ibuprofen
- Over-the-counter or prescription medication that is applied to the skin
- Use proper techniques to help avoid awkward motions and missteps
- Participate in flexibility, strength, and fitness training
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.aaos.org
American College of Sports Medicine http://acsm.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Ankle sprain. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated August 1, 2013. Accessed September 6, 2013.
Collateral ligament sprain (knee). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated July 9, 2013. Accessed September 6, 2013.
Sprained ankle. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00150. Updated September 2012. Accessed September 6, 2013.
Sprains, strains, and tears. American College of Sports Medicine website. Available at: http://www.acsm.org/docs/brochures/sprains-strains-and-tears.pdf. Accessed September 6, 2013.
Sprains, strains, and other soft tissue injuries. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00304. Updated July 2007. Accessed September 6, 2013.
10/26/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php: Massey T, Derry S, et al. Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(6):CD007402.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013
- Update Date: 09/30/2013