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|Anatomy of the Prostate Gland|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Acute bacterial prostatitis
- Chronic bacterial prostatitis
- Chronic pelvic pain syndrome
- Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis
- Unprotected sex
- Phimosis—inability of the foreskin to fully retract over the head of the penis
- Narrowing of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
- Enlarged prostate
- History of urinary tract infections
- Needing to urinate frequently and/or urgently
- Pain or burning while urinating
- Difficulty urinating
- Lower abdominal pain or pressure
- Penile, rectal, or perineal discomfort
- Lower back pain
- Fever or chills
- Difficulty getting an erection
- Urine tests
- Prostate massage
- Prostate biopsy
- Stool softeners
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Pain medication
- Alpha-blockers or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors to help with urine flow
- Alpha-blockers or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors
- Anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen
- Pain medication
- Warm sitz baths
- Repeated prostate massages
- Practice safe sex. Protect yourself from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) by using condoms.
- Emptying your bladder regularly and as soon as you feel the urge
Prostatitis Foundation http://www.prostatitis.org
Urology Care Foundation http://www.urologyhealth.org
Canadian Urological Association http://www.cua.org
Men's Health Centre http://www.menshealthcentre.net
Acute prostatitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 17, 2013. Accessed March 3, 2014.
Propert KJ, McNaughton-Collins M, et al. A prospective study of symptoms and quality of life in men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: The National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Cohort Study. J Urol. 2006;175:619-623.
Prostatitis. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/prostatitis/index.aspx. Updated June 29, 2012. Accessed March 3, 2014.
Prostatitis (prostate infection). Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=15. Updated 2013. Accessed March 3, 2014.
Sharp VJ, Takacs EB, et al. Prostatitis: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2010 Aug 15;82(4):397-406.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 03/2014
- Update Date: 03/03/2014