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(Hernia, Groin—Adult; Hernia, Inguinal—Adult; Inguinal Hernia—Adult)
- Inguinal hernia—occurs in the area where the abdomen meets the thigh on both sides. This is the most common type.
- Femoral hernia—located in the upper thigh.
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- Advancing age
- Wear and tear on abdominal wall from frequent lifting of heavy objects, or prolonged coughing or straining
- Previous surgery in the abdominal area
- Family history of hernia
- Peritoneal dialysis
- A bulge in the groin area when standing or straining
- Pain in the groin area when straining
- A bulge that may extend into the scrotum
- Pain and/or a heavy feeling or discomfort in the groin area
- Severe pain in the groin or abdomen
- Abdominal swelling
American College of Physicians http://www.acponline.org
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases http://www.niddk.nih.gov
Canadian Institute for Health Information http://www.cihi.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Garvey JF, Read JW, et al. Sportsman hernia: what can we do? Hernia. 2010;14(1):17-25.
Groin hernia in adults and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 21, 2013. Accessed April 8, 2013.
Hawn MT, Itani KM, et al. Patient-reported outcomes after inguinal herniorrhaphy. Surgery. 2006;140:198-205.
Inguinal hernia. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/inguinalhernia/inguinalhernia.pdf. Accessed April 8, 2013.
Inguinal/femoral hernia. American College of Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.facs.org/public%5Finfo/operation/brochures/hernrep.pdf. Accessed April 8, 2013.
Laurence I, Ngan-Soo E, et al. The role of multi-detector computed tomography in imaging hernias. Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 2011;72(2):72-77.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 03/2014
- Update Date: 05/01/2014