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- Playing sports, especially those involving the hands, such as basketball or volleyball
- Poor coordination or balance
- Weak ligaments
- Pain and tenderness in the finger
- Pain when moving the finger joint
- Swelling of the finger joint
- X-rays —to make sure that no bones are broken
- MRI scan —used in some situations to see if a ligament has torn completely (rarely needed)
- Stretching and microtearing of ligament tissue
- Stable joint
- Partial tearing of ligament tissue
- Mild instability of the joint
- Severe or complete tearing of ligament tissue
- Significant instability of the joint
- Over-the-counter pain medicine (such as, ibuprofen , naproxen , acetaminophen , aspirin )
- Topical pain medicines (such as cream or patches) that are applied to the skin
- Prescription pain medicine
Splinting and Taping
- A small piece of bone has been broken off by the injury to the ligament.
- A ligament is torn completely.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://www.aaos.org
American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine http://www.sportsmed.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Association of Professional Team Physicians website. Available at: http://www.orthopaedicweblinks.com/Detailed/1399.html. Accessed July 7, 2009.
Renstrom P. Sports Injuries: Basic Principles of Prevention and Care. Boston, MA: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1993.
Sprains and strains. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Sprains%5FStrains/default.asp. Published April 2009. Accessed July 7, 2009.
1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Massey T, Derry S, Moore R, McQuay H. Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(6):CD007402.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013
- Update Date: 09/30/2013