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- Mother smoking during pregnancy
- Age: 2 weeks to 4 months old
- Sensitive temperament
- Loud crying that may last for several hours
- Inability to be consoled
- Turning red from crying
- Pulling arms and legs toward body and then stretching limbs out
- Passing gas or burping due to swallowing air while crying
- Allergic reactions or hypersensitivity to certain formulas, lactose intolerance, or gas
- Feeding problems
- Problems with sleep cycles or processing things in the environment
- Illness such as an ear infection
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Blockage of the intestinal tract
- Is your baby eating well?
- Is your baby producing 5 to 8 very wet diapers each day?
- Is your baby producing stool normally?
- Is your baby having colic-free periods?
- Does your baby have a fever?
Support for Baby
- If breastfed, consider making changes to the mother's diet. This may include avoiding cow's milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, and fish.
- If bottle fed, consider using a whey hydrolysate formula. Make sure to warm the formula before giving it to your baby.
- Bottle feedings may need to be slowed down. Try using a nipple with a smaller hole.
- Burp your baby well after feeding.
- Feed your baby in a more upright position. This position will keep gas in your baby's stomach. Gas in the stomach is more easily burped up.
- Take your baby for a walk or for a ride in the car. Try a baby safe swing.
- Position your baby on the tummy, across your lap. Gently rub your baby's back.
- Consider learning baby massage.
- Swaddle your baby in a soft blanket.
- Rock your baby in a rocking chair or in your arms. Hold your baby close and bounce or walk gently.
- Bathe your baby in warm water.
- Let your baby use a pacifier.
- Make sure your baby isn't too warm or cold.
- Try skin to skin contact.
Support for Parents
- Taking some time to distract yourself from the intensity of the crying. Place your baby in a safe crib and go to a nearby room to watch television or listen to music.
- Taking a break. Ask your family members, friends, or a sitter to help care for your baby.
American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
Nemours' KidsHealth http://www.kidshealth.org
About Kids Health http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Colic. Healthy Children.org, American Academy of Pediatrics website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/english/ages-stages/baby/crying-colic/pages/colic.aspx?nfstatus=401&nftoken=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000&nfstatusdescription=ERROR%3a+No+local+token . Updated January 2, 2013. Accessed May 13, 2013.
Colic. American Academy of Family Physicians' FamilyDoctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/colic.html . Updated March 2010. Accessed May 13, 2013.
Infantile colic. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated April 22, 2013. Accessed May 13, 2013.
5/14/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Aviner S, Berkovitch M, Dalkian H, Braunstein R, Lomnicky Y, Schlesinger M. Use of a homeopathic preparation for "infantile colic" and an apparent life-threatening event. Pediatrics. 2010;125(2):e318-23.
8/23/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Savino F, Cordisco L, Tarasco V, et al. Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17 938 in infantile colic: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2010 Aug 16. [Epub ahead of print]
- Reviewer: Michael Woods
- Review Date: 05/2013
- Update Date: 03/18/2013