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(Brain Tumor; Glioma)
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- Certain occupations
- Environmental factors
- Genetic disorders, including neurofibromatosis and tuberous sclerosis
Occupational exposure to:
- Oil refining
- Rubber manufacturing
- Visual changes
- Personality changes
- Problems with memory, thinking, and concentration
- Problems with walking
- Frontal lobe—Gradual changes in mood and personality, loss of muscle function on one side of the body
- Temporal lobe—Problems with coordination, speech, and memory
- Parietal lobe—Problems with sensation, writing, or fine motor skills
- Cerebellum—Problems with coordination and balance
- Occipital lobe—Problems with vision, visual hallucinations
- Grades I and II—These low-grade astrocytomas grow slowly. They generally stay in an area of the brain. They are more commonly found in younger patients. Grade II astrocytomas can spread.
- Grades III and IV—These high-grade tumors grow rapidly. They can spread throughout the brain and spinal cord. Aggressive treatment is needed. This is the most common type found in adults. Grade III tumors are called anaplastic astrocytoma. Grade IV tumors are called glioblastoma multiforme or GBM.
- External radiation therapy—Radiation aimed at the tumor from a source outside the body
- Internal radiation therapy, which is also called brachytherapy—Radioactive materials placed into the body near the cancer cells
American Brain Tumor Association http://www.abta.org
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
Brain Tumor Foundation of Canada http://www.braintumour.ca
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Astrocytoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated April 13, 2013. Accessed June 20, 2013.
General information about adult brain tumors. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/adultbrain/HealthProfessional. Updated May 14, 2013. Accessed June 20, 2013.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013
- Update Date: 06/20/2013