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Do You Need Blood? You May Be Your Own Best Donor!
Who Can Do It?
Why Use PAD?
How Is It Done?
- You will be asked to sit. An area inside your elbow will be cleaned with an antiseptic wipe. A large band will be tied around your arm. The needle will then be inserted into a vein and the band removed. Tubing and a collection bag will collect the blood from the needle.
- It takes about 10 minutes to collect one pint of blood.
- You will remain briefly in an observation area where you can rest and eat a light snack.
- Your body will replace the fluid lost in about 24 hours.
- Red blood cells take longer to recover, so your doctor may give you iron pills so your body can use the iron to make more blood.
What If You Cannot Use PAD?
- Red blood cells always come from volunteer, not paid donors.
- Only healthy donors are accepted. Donor screening includes questions that try to reveal behaviors that may increase the risk of infection with transmittable diseases.
- Donors are informed about conditions that would render their blood unsafe and are given an opportunity to confidentially indicate that their blood should be discarded.
- Multiple screening tests are run on blood to identify diseases that can be transmitted by transfusion.
What Are the Other Options?
What Is the Cost?
American Association of Blood Banks http://www.aabb.org
American Red Cross http://www.redcross.org
Canadian Blood Services http://www.bloodservices.ca
Canadian Red Cross http://www.redcross.ca
Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH). Society for the Advancement of Blood Management website. Available at: http://www.sabm.org/glossary/acute-normovolemic-hemodilution-anh. Accessed October 15, 2014.
Blood testing. American Red Cross website. Available at: http://www.redcrossblood.org/learn-about-blood/what-happens-donated-blood/blood-testing. Accessed October 14, 2014.
Blood types. American Red Cross website. Available at: http://www.redcrossblood.org/learn-about-blood/blood-types. Accessed October 14, 2014.
Eligibility requirements. American Red Cross website. Available at: http://www.redcrossblood.org/donating-blood/eligibility-requirements. Accessed October 14, 2014.
Donation FAQs. American Red Cross website. Available at: http://www.redcrossblood.org/donating-blood/donation-faqs. Accessed October 14, 2014.
Goodnough LT, Shander A. Blood management [review]. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2007;131:695-701.
Intraoperative blood salvage. NoBlood.org website. Available at: http://www.noblood.org/content/intraoperative%5Fblood%5Fsalvage-209. Accessed October 14, 2014.
Iron info for frequent donors. American Red Cross website. Available at: http://www.redcrossblood.org/iron/frequent-donors. Accessed October 14, 2014.
Lee GC, Cushner FD. The effects of preoperative autologous donations on perioperative blood levels. J Knee Surg. 2007;20:205-209.
Pre-operative autologous donation (PAD). United Blood Services for Hospitals & Physicians website. Available at: http://hospitals.unitedbloodservices.org/preoperative-autologous-donation.html. Accessed October 14, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2014
- Update Date: 10/15/2014