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Hepatitis B Vaccine
(Hep B Vaccine)
What Is Hepatitis B?
What Is the Hepatitis B Vaccine?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- 1-2 months
- 6-18 months
- Having multiple sex partners
- Getting treatment or counseling for a sexually transmitted disease (STD)
- Sex without using a condom including vaginal and anal sex
- Being an IV drug user or having a history of injecting drugs
- Having chronic kidney disease , liver disease, or HIV
- Undergoing dialysis
- Having diabetes if you are younger than 60 years old
- Having a job where you might be exposed to HBV-infected blood or body fluids
- Working or living in an institution for the developmentally disabled
- Living with or working with people who have chronic HBV infection
- Traveling to areas where there is a high rate of HBV infection
What Are the Risks Associated With the Hepatitis B Vaccine?
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- Had a life-threatening allergic reaction to baker's yeast or to a previous dose of hepatitis B vaccine
- Are moderately or severely ill—Wait until you recover to get the vaccine.
What Other Ways Can Hepatitis B Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
- Practicing safe sex
- Getting a blood test for hepatitis B if you are pregnant
- Avoiding illegal drugs
- Not using other people's personal care items that may have blood on them, such as razors or toothbrushes
- Considering the risks before getting a tattoo or body piercing
- Following safety precautions when handling needles or other sharp objects
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov
Viral hepatitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/index.htm. Updated September 18, 2014. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Hepatitis B FAQs for the public. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/B/bFAQ.htm. Updated June 9, 2009. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Hepatitis B vaccination. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/hepb/default.htm. Updated February 3, 2014. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Hepatitis B Vaccine Recombinant. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 8, 2014. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Immunization schedules. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html. Updated January 31, 2014. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Vaccine information statement: hepatitis B vaccine. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/hep-b.html. Updated June 18, 2013. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.
10/30/2009 2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Prymula R, Siegrist C, Chlibek R, et al. Effect of prophylactic paracetamol administration at time of vaccination on febrile reactions and antibody responses in children: two open-label, randomised controlled trials. Lancet. 2009;374(9698):1339.
- Reviewer: Kim Carmichael, MD
- Review Date: 08/2014
- Update Date: 09/30/2014