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Medications for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
- Dry throat or mouth
- Fungal infection in the mouth or throat— thrush
- You develop a headache, blue lips, confusion, or agitation
- Your breathing becomes very shallow
- You are still very tired following slight exertion
- Stomach ache
- Sore mouth or tongue
- Vaginal itching due to growth of fungus or yeast
- Increased sensitivity to sunlight with tetracycline
- Take your medication as directed. Do not change the amount or the schedule.
- Know what side effects could occur. Discuss them with your doctor.
- Talk to your doctor before you stop taking the medication.
- Plan ahead for refills if you need them.
- Do not share your medication with anyone.
- Drugs can be dangerous when mixed. Talk to your doctor if you are taking more than one drug, including over-the-counter products and supplements.
When to Contact Your Doctor
- Have serious side effects, such as increased shortness of breath or signs of an allergic reaction, including swelling of the face, lips, or eyelids
- Have prolonged nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
- Develop white spots in your mouth
- Develop vaginal itching
- Have severe or prolonged muscle cramps or heart palpitations
COPD. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 20, 2014. Accessed February 24, 2014.
COPD medications. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/copd/living-with-copd/copd-medications.html. Accessed February 24, 2014.
How is COPD treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/copd/treatment.html. Updated July 31, 2013. Accessed February 24, 2014.
Inhaled corticosteroids for COPD. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 20, 2014. Accessed February 24, 2014.
Supplemental oxygen. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/copd/living-with-copd/supplemental-oxygen.html. Accessed February 24, 2014.
What you can do about a lung disease called COPD. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease website. Available at: http://www.goldcopd.org/uploads/users/files/GOLD%5FPatient%5FRevJan10.pdf. Accessed February 24, 2014.
9/14/2006 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Appleton S, Poole P, Smith B, et al. Long-acting beta2-agonists for poorly reversible chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2006;3:CD001104.
7/6/2007 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Yang IA, Fong KM, Sim EHA, Black PN, Lasserson TJ. Inhaled corticosteroids for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [review]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2007;2:CD002991.
6/4/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: El Moussaoui R, Roede BM, Speelman P, Bresser P, Prins JM, Bossuyt PM. Abstract Short-course antibiotic treatment in acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis and COPD: a meta-analysis of double-blind studies. Thorax. 2008;63:415-422.
1/13/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Herath SC, Poole P. Prophylactic antibiotic therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;11:CD009764.
- Reviewer: Peter J. Lucas, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014
- Update Date: 02/24/2014