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Conditions InDepth: Endometriosis
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- Menstrual blood and endometrial tissue flows backward through the fallopian tubes instead of forward through the vagina and out of the body.
- The immune system does not destroy this misplaced tissue in the body and allows the tissue to implant and develop in unusual places in the body. This causes endometriosis.
- The lymph (glands) and/or blood systems carry endometrial cells from the uterus to other areas of the body.
- Genetic and environmental susceptibility.
American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://www.aafp.org. Accessed March 2, 2006.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. The Management of Endometriosis. Practice bulletin No. 114; July 2010.
The Endometriosis Association website. Available at: http://www.endometriosisassn.org. Accessed March 1, 2006.
Endometriosis Research Center website. Available at: http://www.endocenter.org. Accessed March 1, 2006.
Gabbe, SG, et al. Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies. 5th ed. London: Churchill Livingstone; 2007.
Griffith’s 5-Minute Clinical Consult. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 1999.
Katz VL, et al. Comprehensive Gynecology. 5th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2007.
Kistner’s Gynecology and Women’s Health. 7th ed. Mosby-Year Book; 1999.
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development website. Available at: http://www.nichd.nih.gov. Accessed March 1, 2006.
National Library of Medicine website. Available at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed March 2, 2006.
Rakel R. Textbook of Family Medicine 2007. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; 2009.
Rakel RE, Bope ET. Conn's Current Therapy 2001. 53rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders Company; 2009.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013
- Update Date: 09/30/2013