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Other Treatments for Managing Fibromyalgia
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)—This is a form of talk therapy that focuses on your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
- Relaxation-based therapy—This includes learning strategies, like meditation, to reduce stress.
- Biofeedback —During a biofeedback session, a therapist guides you to relax certain muscles or control breathing, while an electronic device shows your body’s response.
- Physical therapy
- Heat treatments
- Trigger point therapy
- Myofascial release (a special type of therapy that involves manipulating connective tissue with pressure)
Biofeedback. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated September 1, 2009. Accessed June 18, 2010.
Fibromyalgia Network website. Available at: http://www.fmnetnews.com.
Kassel K. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated November 23, 2009. Accessed June 18, 2010.
6/18/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php: Palermo TM, Eccleston C, et al. Randomized controlled trials of psychological therapies for management of chronic pain in children and adolescents: an updated meta-analytic review. Pain. 2010;148(3):387-397.
2/9/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Castro-Sánchez AM, Matarán-Peñarrocha GA, et al. Effects of myofascial release techniques on pain, physical function, and postural stability in patients with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil. 2011;25(9):800-813.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2014
- Update Date: 09/17/2014