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Other Treatments for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- The therapist is well trained in the particular behavior therapy that is used.
- You are highly motivated.
- Your family (if involved) is cooperative.
- You attend sessions regularly.
- You finish homework assignments and complete the course of treatment.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
- Exposure and response prevention—involves gradually confronting the feared object or obsession without giving into the compulsive ritual linked to it
- Aversion therapy—involves using a painful stimulus to prevent OCD behavior
- Thought switching—involves learning to replace negative thoughts with positive thoughts
- Flooding—involves being exposed to object that causes OCD behavior
- Implosion therapy—involves being repeatedly exposed to object that causes fear
- Thought stopping—involves learning how to stop negative thoughts
About OCD. Obsessive-Compulsive Foundation website. Available at: http://www.ocfoundation.org/whatisocd.aspx . Accessed September 8, 2008.
Braunwald E. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine . 18th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2011.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Anxiety Disorders Association of America website. Available at: http://www.adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/symptoms . Accessed September 8, 2008.
Stern, TA et al. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry . 1st ed. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier, 2008.
4/16/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Simpson HB, Foa EB, Liebowitz MR, et al. A randomized, controlled trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy for augmenting pharmacotherapy in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 2008;165:621-630. Epub 2008 Mar 3.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013
- Update Date: 09/30/2013