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Screening for Prostate Cancer
Digital Rectal Exam
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Test
- Benign prostatic hypertrophy—a very common condition of prostate enlargement in older men
- Inflammation of the prostate (called prostatitis)
- Ejaculation—Your doctor may ask you to abstain from sexual activity for two days before the test
- Repeating the test at a later date
- Ordering other tests (such as, free PSA, PSA velocity, and PSA density)
- Doing a biopsy of the prostate gland to determine if cancer is present
Detailed guide: prostate cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/ProstateCancer/DetailedGuide/. Accessed September 20, 2012.
How did the USPSTF arrive at this recommendation? US Preventative Services Task Force website. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/prostatecancerscreening/prostatecancerfaq.htm. Published May 2012. Accessed July 27, 2012.
Prostate cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/prostate. Accessed September 20, 2012.
Prostate cancer screening. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 30, 2012. Accessed July 27, 2012.
Screening for prostate cancer: current recommendation. US Preventative Services Task Force website. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/prostatecancerscreening.htm. Published May 2012. Accessed July 27, 2012.
4/1/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Choosing wisely. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 26, 2014. Accessed April 1, 2014.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013
- Update Date: 04/01/2014