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Diagnosis of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Acute—symptoms last between 1-3 months after the event
- Chronic—symptoms last more than three months after the event
- Delayed onset—symptoms don’t appear until at least six months after the event
- Exposure to a traumatic event
- Recurrent and intrusive distressing memories of the event
- Repeated vivid and uncontrollable memories
- Emotional numbness
- Physical symptoms of fear triggered by cues in the environment or other physical sensations that dredge up the traumatic event
- Interference with work, school, and/or relationships
Evaluation for Substance Abuse
Evaluation of Other Psychiatric Disorders
American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://www.aafp.org/online/en/home.html.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR). American Psychiatric Association; 2000.
DynaMed Editors. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated August 25, 2010. Accessed September 5, 2010.
National Center for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder website. Available at: http://www.ncptsd.va.gov.
Stern, TA et al. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 1st ed. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier, 2008.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2013
- Update Date: 11/26/2012