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Symptoms of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Re-experiencing the event:
- Anxious reactions to reminders of the event
- Avoiding close emotional contact with family and friends
- Avoiding people or places that are reminders of the event
- Loss of memory about the event
- Feelings of detachment, numbness
- Difficulty falling or staying asleep
- Anger and irritability
- Difficulty concentrating or maintaining attention
- Being easily startled
- Impaired memory
- Stomach and digestive problems
- Rapid breathing or heart rate
- Chest pain
- Immune system problems
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR). American Psychiatric Association; 2000.
DynaMed Editors. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated August 18, 2010. Accessed August 24, 2010.
National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov.
Stern, TA et al. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 1st ed. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier, 2008.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012
- Update Date: 11/26/2012