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Other Treatments for Temporomandibular Disorders
For Managing Pain and Inflammation
Application of Heat and Cold
Intra-articular Corticosteroid Injections
For Managing Tooth Grinding and Jaw Clenching
Splint, Bite Plate, Nightguard
When to Contact Your Doctor
- The device or treatment seems to be increasing your pain.
- You notice any new symptoms after you begin using the appliance or treatment.
Cetiner S, Kahraman SA, et al. Evaluation of low-level laser therapy in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders. Photomed Laser Surg . 2006;24(5):637-641.
Medlicott MS, Harris SR. A systematic review of the effectiveness of exercise, manual therapy, electrotherapy, relaxation training, and biofeedback in the management of temporomandibular disorder. Phys Ther . 2006;86(7):955-973.
Siccoli MM. Facial pain: a clinical differential diagnosis. Lancet Neurology . 2006;5:257-267.
TMJ. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/HealthInformation/tmj.cfm . Updated December 2010. Accessed April 5, 2013.
TMJ. American Dental Association Mouth Healthy website. Available at: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/t/tmj.aspx . Accessed April 5, 2013.
TMJ (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders). National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/TMJ . Updated March 21, 2013. Accessed April 5, 2013.
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated November 27, 2012. Accessed April 5, 2013.
von Lindern JJ, Niederhagen B, et al. Type A botulinum toxin in the treatment of chronic facial pain associated with masticatory hyperactivity. J Oral Maxillofac Surg . 2003;61(7):774-778.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014
- Update Date: 06/24/2013