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Reducing Your Risk of AIDS
Do Not Have Unprotected Sex
- Abstain from sex.
- Use a latex condom and water-based lubricants.
- Limit your number of sexual partners.
- Find out the HIV status and HIV risk factors of potential sexual partners.
- Find out if potential sexual partners have had any sexually transmitted diseases , since these are closely linked to an increased risk for HIV.
- Avoid having sexual relationships with people who are HIV-positive or use injected drugs.
Do Not Share Needles or Syringes
Medications to Prevent Infection
- Inject IV drugs and share injection equipment
- Have a sexual partner who is HIV positive
Use Appropriate Safety Precautions for Healthcare Workers or Caregivers
- Wear appropriate gloves and facial masks during all procedures or when handling bodily fluids.
- Carefully handle and properly dispose of needles.
- Carefully follow universal precautions.
- Cover all cuts and sores (yours and the HIV-infected person's) with bandages.
Donate Your Own Blood for Elective Surgical Procedures
To Prevent Spreading HIV to Others
- Abstain from sex.
- If you do have sex, use a male latex condom. This includes any sexual act that results in the exchange of bodily fluids.
- If you are prescribed medicines, be sure that you are taking them.
- Inform former or potential sexual partners.
- Do not donate blood or organs.
- Ask your doctor about contraception.
- If you do wish to become pregnant, talk to your doctor. There are ways to lower your baby's risk of being born infected with HIV.
- If you have a baby, do not breastfeed until you have discussed this with your doctor.
HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/HIVAIDS/Understanding/Pages/whatAreHIVAIDS.aspx . Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV/AIDS. Center for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html . Accessed May 15, 2013.
A guide to primary care of people with HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Health and Human Services website. Available at: http://hab.hrsa.gov/deliverhivaidscare/files/primary2004ed.pdf . Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV and AIDS. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/hiv-and-aids.html . Updated December 2010. Accessed May 15, 2013.
3/8/2007 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Auvert B, Taljaard D, Lagard E, Sobngwi-Tambekou J, Sitta R, Puren A. Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction of HIV infection risk: the ANRS 1265 Trial. PLoS Med. 2005;2:e298. Epub Oct 25, 2005. Bailey RC, Moses S, Parker CB, et al. Male circumcision for HIV prevention in young men in Kisumu, Kenya: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2007 Feb 24;369:643-656. Gray RH, Kigozi G, Serwadda D, et al. Male circumcision for HIV prevention in men in Rakai, Uganda: a randomised trial. Lancet. 2007 Feb 24;369:657-666.
6/11/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Del Romero J, Castilla J, Hernando V, Rodríguez C, García S. Combined antiretroviral treatment and heterosexual transmission of HIV-1: cross sectional and prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2010:c2205.
6/24/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update to interim guidance for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the prevention of HIV infection: PrEP for injecting drug users. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep . 2013 June 14;62(23):463.
- Reviewer: David L Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 12/2013
- Update Date: 01/13/2014