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Conditions InDepth: Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
- Brain chemicals that may be different
- Social pressure
- Emotional stress
- Depression and other mental health problems
- Problem drinking behaviors learned from family and friends
|Organs That Can Be Damaged by Alcoholism|
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- Accidents and injury, including motor vehicle accidents and falls
- Violence, murder, and suicide
- Domestic violence
- Family problems
- Failed relationships
- Lost jobs
- Problems with the law, including drunk driving
- Drug interactions
- Certain cancers, especially cancer of the liver, esophagus, throat, larynx, and pancreas
- Gastrointestinal problems (such as bleeding, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, ulcers, and inflammation of the esophagus)
- Nerve damage
- Sexual disorders, including impotence
- Reproductive problems
- Postoperative complications (such as infections, bleeding, and delayed healing)
- Other addictions
- Neurological problems and brain damage (in long-term use)
- Liver damage, including cirrhosis
- Heart and circulatory problems
- High blood pressure
- Pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Hormonal problems in both sexes
- Fetal alcohol syndrome (in the babies of women who drank during pregnancy)
- Disorders of the immune system and increased risk of infection
Alcohol use disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated October 5, 2012. Accessed November 21, 2012.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. Text Revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2000.
Grant BF, Dawson DA, Stinson FS, Chou SP, Dufour MC, Pickering RP. The 12-month prevalence and trends in DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence, United States, 1991-1992 and 2001-2002. Drug Alcohol Dependence. 2004;74:223-234. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism website. Available at: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh29-2/79-93.htm . Accessed November 21, 2012.
Stern TA, et al. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 1st ed. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier, 2008.
3/5/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Tramacere I, Scotti L, et al. Alcohol drinking and pancreatic cancer risk: a meta-analysis of the dose-risk relation. Int J Cancer. 2010;126(6):1474-1486.
- Reviewer: Peter J. Lucas, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014
- Update Date: 11/26/2012