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(Buccofacial Apraxia; Conceptual Apraxia; Constructional Apraxia; Gait Apraxia; Ideomotor Apraxia; Limb-Kinetic Apraxia; Movement Disorder; Orofacial Apraxia; Stroke Complications)
|Stroke can cause brain damage, which can lead to apraxia.|
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- Buccofacial or orofacial apraxia—inability to make facial movements, such as winking, whistling, or sticking out the tongue
- Apraxia of speech—difficulty performing the movements needed to make speech
- Constructional apraxia—inability to copy or draw simple figures or to make two- or three-dimensional forms
- Gait apraxia—difficulty walking, which can lead to an increased risk of falls
- Conceptual apraxia—inability to select or use tools or objects properly, to make complex movements at the same time, and to do tasks in order
- Limb-kinetic apraxia—inability to make fine, exact movements with hands or fingers such as handling coins
- Ideomotor apraxia—inability to copy movements or make signals, or to do a function on command
- Dressing apraxia—inability to dress oneself
A neurological exam—You may be asked to:
- Copy posture, movement, and sequences
- Draw shapes
- Put together designs
- Pick up or rotate coins
- Select a tool, such as a hammer, and demonstrate how to use it
- Arrange movements in sequence
- Your doctor may need pictures of your brain. This can be done with:
- An exam of the muscles used in speech
- A speech assessment
- Evaluation of walking skills
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Speech therapy
- Cognitive rehabilitation
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association http://www.asha.org
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://ww2.heartandstroke.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Apraxia in adults. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/ApraxiaAdults.htm. Accessed May 21, 2013.
Childhood apraxia of speech. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/ChildhoodApraxia.htm. Accessed May 21, 2013.
Curioni C, André C, Veras R. Weight reduction for primary prevention of stroke in adults with overweight or obesity. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [serial online]. 2006;4. Available at: http://www.cochrane.org/reviews/en/ab006062.html. Accessed May 21, 2013.
Lukas RV. Two automobile collisions in one day. J Emerg Med. 2012;43(4):e263-264.
NINDS apraxia information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/apraxia/apraxia.htm. Updated October 1, 2010. Accessed May 21, 2013.
NINDS frontotemporal dementia information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/picks/picks.htm. Updated March 20, 2013. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 03/2014
- Update Date: 05/07/2014