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Osteoporosis in Men: More Common Than You May Think
Osteoporosis in Men
- Glucocorticoid medication—used to treat diseases such as asthma and rheumatoid arthritis
- Hyperthyroidism or hyperparathyroidism
- Hypogonadism—low levels of testosterone, which can occur naturally or be caused by medications, cancer treatments, or many other factors
- Cancer therapies—such as androgen blockade for prostate cancer
- Alcohol abuse
- Gastrointestinal disease—which may impair the absorption of bone-building nutrients
- Hypercalciuria (too much calcium lost in the urine)
- Immobilization (prolonged bedrest)
How You Can Protect Your Bones
- Avoid smoking.
- Reduce alcohol intake.
- Lift weights.—Resistance training exercises have been shown to increase bone mass and strength.
- Engage in weight-bearing exercises—Examples include walking, jogging, racquet sports, or stair climbing.
- Get sufficient calcium and vitamin D—The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends 1,200 mg of calcium and 800-1,000 IU of vitamin D daily in men over 50 years old.
- Discuss medications that might affect bone loss with your doctor.
National Osteoporosis Foundation http://www.nof.org
Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases-National Resource Center http://www.osteo.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Osteoporosis Canada http://www.osteoporosis.ca
Kids and their bones: a guide for parents. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/hi/topics/osteoporosis/kidbones.htm. Updated July 2012. Accessed April 2, 2013.
Osteoporosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated March 26, 2013. Accessed April 2, 2013.
Osteoporosis in men. Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases-National Resource Center website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Bone/Osteoporosis/men.asp. Accessed April 2, 2013.
Osteoporosis in men. Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center, National Institutes of Health website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Bone/Osteoporosis/men.asp. Updated January 2012. Accessed April 2, 2013.
Sharma S, Fraser M, Lovell F, Reece A, McLellan ARJ. Characteristics of males over 50 years who present with a fracture: epidemiology and underlying risk factors. Bone Joint Surg Br. 2008 Jan;90(1):72-77.
The man's guide to osteoporosis. National Osteoporosis Foundation website. Available at: http://nof.org/files/nof/public/content/file/252/upload/85.pdf. Accessed April 2, 2013.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 04/2013
- Update Date: 04/02/2013