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- Marijuana—loss of appetite, chills, weight loss, trouble sleeping or sleeping too much, irritability, feeling restless or nervous
- Alcohol—shaking, hallucinations, seizures, confusion, anxiety, sweating, nausea
- Barbiturates—weakness, tremors, hallucinations, lack of appetite, seizures
- Opioids—abdominal pain or cramps, muscle aches, panic, tremors, sweating, nausea, diarrhea, fever, chills, irritability, goose pimples, runny nose, drug craving, inability to sleep, yawning
- Benzodiazepines—abdominal pain or cramps, fast heartbeat, vomiting, tremors, seizures, anxiety
- Cocaine—anxiety, feeling tired, depression
- Amphetamines—depression, irritability, sleeping too much, muscle aches, abdominal pain
|Anxiety is a symptom of drug withdrawal from substances like cocaine and alcohol.|
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- Cognitive behavioral therapy teaches you how to recognize and avoid situations that may lead to drug abuse.
- Family therapy helps you and your family look at patterns of drug abuse. Strategies are suggested to avoid future abuse.
- Motivational therapy uses positive reinforcement to prevent drug use.
Residential Treatment (Therapeutic Communities)
- Attend regular support group meetings.
- Avoid people and situations where drugs are available.
- Inform all healthcare providers of your history with drugs.
National Institute on Drug Abuse http://www.nida.nih.gov
Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration http://www.samhsa.gov
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health http://www.camh.net
Narcotics Anonymous http://www.torontona.org
Buprenorphine: an alternative to methadone. Med Lett Drugs Ther. 2003; 45:13.
Drugs, brains, and behavior. The science of addiction National Institute for Drug Abuse website. Available at: http://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/sciofaddiction.pdf. Updated August 2010. Accessed June 19, 2014.
Drugfacts: Treatment approaches for drug addiction. National Institute for Drug Abuse website. Available at: http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/treatment-approaches-drug-addiction. Updated September 2009. Accessed June 19, 2014.
Giannini AJ. An approach to drug abuse, intoxication, and withdrawal. Am Fam Physician. 2000;61(9):2763-2774.
Kosten TR, O'Connor PG. Management of drug and alcohol withdrawal. N Engl J Med. 2003; 348:1786.
O'Connor, PG. Methods of detoxification and their role in treating patients with opioid dependence. JAMA. 2005; 294:961.
Opioid withdrawal. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 20, 2014. Accessed June 19, 2014.
Principles of drug addiction treatment: a research based guide. National Institute of Drug Abuse website. Available at: http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment. Updated December 2012. Accessed June 19, 2014.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014
- Update Date: 06/19/2014