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Renal (Kidney) Disease Diet—For People Not on Dialysis
What Is a Renal Disease Diet?
Why Do I Need to Follow a Renal Disease Diet?
Food Choices on a Renal Disease Diet
- Fluid retention
- High blood pressure
- Avoid high-sodium foods and condiments.
- Do not add salt to foods while cooking or eating.
|Egg substitute||¼ cup|
|High-Protein Foods With Phosphorous||Amount|
|Cooked, dried beans and peas||½ cup|
|Evaporated milk||½ cup|
|Sweetened, condensed milk||½ cup|
|Nut butters||2 tablespoons|
|Organ meats (eg, beef liver)||1 ounce|
|Soy milk||1 cup|
|High-Protein Foods With Sodium||Amount|
|Canned tuna and salmon||1 ounce or ¼ cup|
|Cottage cheese, low fat||¼ cup|
|Deli-style roast beef, ham, turkey, bologna, liverwurst, salami||2 ounces|
|Frankfurters and sausages||2 ounces|
|Veggie burger||2 ounces|
- Increased blood pressure
What Can I Eat?
- Limited amounts of high-protein foods
- Low-potassium vegetables
- Low-potassium fruits and fruit juices
- Refined breads, cereals, and grains (eg, bagels, white bread, corn cereal, rice cereal, couscous, pasta, white rice)
- Grain snacks (eg, white crackers, graham crackers, unsalted popcorn, unsalted pretzels, unsalted tortilla chips)
- Healthy fats (eg, olive oil, canola oil, tub margarine)
- Desserts (eg, sugar cookies, shortbread cookies, vanilla wafers, sherbet)
- Track your food intake in a food log.
- Read food labels for nutrient information and serving sizes.
- Choose whole foods over processed foods. Processed foods tend to be high in salt and low in nutritional value.
- Make sure you are eating enough calories. If you need to add calories, try adding healthy fats and simple carbohydrates. Examples include jam, maple syrup, and honey.
- Talk to your doctor before taking any supplements.
- Work with your dietitian. Be sure to go to all of your appointments.
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics http://www.eatright.org
American Association of Kidney Patients http://www.aakp.org
Dietitians of Canada http://www.dietitians.ca
Kidney Foundation of Canada http://www.kidney.ca
Clinical practice guidelines for nutrition in chronic renal failure. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: http://www.kidney.org/professionals/KDOQI/guidelines%5Fupdates/doqi%5Fnut.html. Published 2000. Accessed January 21, 2010.
Kent PS. Integrating clinical nutrition practice guidelines in chronic kidney disease. Nutr Clin Pract. 2005;20:213-217.
- Reviewer: Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
- Review Date: 03/2014
- Update Date: 05/08/2014