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- Factors that are present from birth
- Hereditary disorders like Currarino syndrome
- Cancer of the connective tissue
- Other forms of cancer that have spread
- Pain in the lower back or rectal/pelvic area
- Pain that spreads to the lower extremities
- A feeling of heaviness
- Weight loss
- Surgery to remove the tumor
- Chemotherapy —If the tumor is cancerous, chemotherapy may be used. This involves using drugs to kill cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy—This may be used along with chemotherapy. Radiation therapy involves using radiation to kill cancer cells and to shrink tumors.
America Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons http://www.fascrs.org
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Colorectal Cancer Association of Canada http://www.colorectal-cancer.ca
Coco C, Manno A, Mattana C, et al. Congenital tumors of the retrorectal space in the adult: report of two cases and review of the literature. Tumori. 2009;94:602-607.
Colorectal cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 25, 2013. Accessed July 30, 2013.
Pappalardo G, Frattaroli FM, Casciani E, et al. Retrorectal tumors: the choice of surgical approach based on a new classification. American Surgeon. 2009;75;3:240-248.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014
- Update Date: 05/28/2014