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(Ionizing Radiation Exposure)
- Ionizing radiation—a high-frequency radiation that is able to damage cells, has also been linked to cancer and other health problems
- Nonionizing radiation—low in frequency and is not known to cause cancer (except for UV rays)
|Ionizing Radiation||Nonionizing Radiation|
|Gamma rays||Visible light|
|UV rays (high-energy)||Microwaves|
|Sub-atomic particles||Radio waves|
|UV rays (low-energy)|
- Radiation therapy used to treat certain types of cancer
- Radioactive elements in the soil or public works systems, such as the water supply
- Workplace environment, such as uranium mines
- Radiation from nuclear disasters
|External Radiation of a Cancerous Growth|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Hair loss
- Loss of organ functions
- Blood tests
- Stool tests
- Urine tests
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Radiation Emergency Medical Management—US Department of Health and Human Services http://www.remm.nlm.gov
BC Centre for Disease Control http://www.bccdc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Brenner DJ. Should we be concerned about the rapid increase in CT usage? Rev Environ Health. 2010;25(1):63-68. Review.
Colang JE, Killion JB, Vano E. Patient dose from CT: a literature review. Radiol Technol. 2007;79(1):17-26. Review.
Frequently asked questions on potassium iodide (KI). United States Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/EmergencyPreparedness/BioterrorismandDrugPreparedness/ucm072265.htm#KI%20do. Updated May 4, 2011. Accessed May 27, 2014.
Gross whole-body contamination. United States Department of Health and Human Services website. Available at: http://www.remm.nlm.gov/ext%5Fcontamination.htm#wholebody. Updated April 14, 2014. Accessed May 27, 2014.
How to perform a survey for radiation contamination. United States Department of Health and Human Services website. Available at: http://www.remm.nlm.gov/howtosurvey.htm. Updated April 14, 2014. Accessed May 27, 2014.
Potassium iodide (KI). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/ki.asp . Updated August 22, 2013. Accessed May 27, 2014.
Radiation emergency medical management: choose appropriate algorithm—evaluate for contamination and/or exposure. United States Department of Health and Human Services website. Available at: http://www.remm.nlm.gov/newptinteract.htm#skip. Updated March 6, 2013. Accessed May 27, 2014.
Radiation exposure and cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/radiationexposureandcancer/index . Accessed May 27, 2014.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014
- Update Date: 05/27/2014