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- Drinking too little fluids
- Sweating a lot
- Being thirsty
- Dry mouth
- Muscle weakness or muscle cramps
- Decreased urination
- Weight loss
- Muscle twitching
|Dry mouth is a symptom of hypernatremia.|
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- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of the fluids.
- Work with your doctor to manage any health conditions.
FamilyDoctor.org—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases http://www2.niddk.nih.gov
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Adrogué HJ, Madias NE. Hypernatremia. N Engl J Med. 2000 May 18; 342(20):1493-1499.
Chassagne P, Druesne L, et al. Clinical presentation of hypernatremia in elderly patients: a case control study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Aug; 54(8):1225-1230.
Dehydration and hypovolemia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 18, 2013. Accessed February 26, 2014.
Hypernatremia. The Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/sec13/ch167/ch167b.html#v1149497. Updated March 2013. Accessed February 26, 2014.
Stuart W, Smellie A, et al. Hyponatraemia and hypernatraemia: pitfalls in testing. BMJ. 2007 March 3; 334(7591): 473-476.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014
- Update Date: 02/26/2014