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(Dysphagia, Oropharyngeal; Difficulty Swallowing [Mouth or Pharynx])
|Mouth and Throat|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Neuromuscular disorders such as stroke , Parkinson’s disease , multiple sclerosis , and Huntington chorea
- Neurological damage such as brain or spinal cord injury
- Tumors in the mouth or throat
- Pouches in the pharynx such as Zenker's diverticulum
- Infection such as pharyngitis , tonsillitis, strep throat, or acute epiglottitis
- Enlarged thyroid
- Enlarged tonsil
- Having a neurological condition
- Increased age
- Being born prematurely
- Cancer treatment
- Throat and neck infections
- Difficulty starting the swallowing process to move food or liquid from the mouth to the pharynx—liquid may be harder to swallow than food
- A sensation that food is stuck in the throat
- Drooling, coughing, choking
- Weight loss, malnutrition, and dehydration due to problems with eating and drinking
- Swallowing test to observe what happens when you swallow
- Videofluorographic swallowing study (VFSS)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association http://www.asha.org
Dysphagia Research Society http://www.dysphagiaresearch.org
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://ww2.heartandstroke.ca
Ontario Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologist https://www.osla.on.ca
Communication facts: special populations: dysphagia—2008 edition. American-Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/Research/reports/dysphagia/ . Published 2008. Accessed August 13, 2013.
Dysphagia. Cedars-Sinai website. Available at: http://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Patients/Health-Conditions/Dysphagia.aspx . Accessed August 13, 2013.
Dysphagia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated August 2, 2013. Accessed August 13, 2013.
Dysphagia. World Gastroenterology Organisation website. Available at: http://www.worldgastroenterology.org/assets/downloads/en/pdf/guidelines/08%5Fdysphagia.pdf . Published 2007. Accessed August 13, 2013.
Huckabee M. Application of EMG biofeedback in the treatment of oral pharyngeal dysphagia. Biofeedback Foundation of Europe website. Available at: http://www.bfe.org/protocol/pro06eng.htm . Published 1997. Accessed August 13, 2013.
Restive D, Marchese-Ragona R, Lauria G, Squatrito S, Gullo D, Vigneri R. Botulinum toxin treatment for oropharyngeal dysphagia associated with diabetic neuropathy. Diabetes Care. 2006 Dec;29(12):2650-3. Available at: http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/29/12/2650.short . Accessed August 13, 2013.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 08/2013
- Update Date: 08/13/2013