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(Vaccine for Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis)
What Are Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis?
What Is DTaP?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- 2 months
- 4 months
- 6 months
- 15-18 months
- 4-6 years
- Tdap—Tdap is for children aged 11-12 years old. It may also be given to teens or adults who did not previously receive it. This vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis.
- Td—This is generally used as a booster shot. It may be given every 10 years. It protects against tetanus and diphtheria.
What Are the Risks Associated With DTap?
- Soreness or redness at the site of the injection
- Lack of appetite
- Severe allergic reaction
- High fever
- Crying for over three hours
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- A severe or life-threatening allergic reaction after a dose of DTap (eg, very high fever, non-stop crying, seizure)
- A severe allergic reaction to any of the components that make up the vaccine
What Other Ways Can These Diseases Be Prevented?
- Avoiding contact with people who have a contagious infection
- Properly cleaning wounds and seeing a doctor right away if medical care is needed
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
Adolescent and adult pertussis. National Network for Immunization Information website. Available at: http://www.immunizationinfo.org/issues/general/adolescent-and-adult-pertussis. Accessed May 18, 2012.
Diptheria: fact sheet for parents. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/diphtheria/fs-parents.html. Updated June 21, 2011. Accessed May 18, 2012.
Recommended adult immunization schedule—United States, 2012. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/downloads/adult/mmwr-adult-schedule.pdf. Published February 3, 2012. Accessed May 18, 2012.
Recommended immunization schedule for persons aged 7 through 18 years—United States, 2012. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/downloads/child/7-18yrs-schedule-pr.pdf. Accessed May 18, 2012.
Safety and prevention. HeatlhyChildren.org website. Available at http://www.healthychildren.org/english/safety-prevention/immunizations/pages/Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis-Vaccines-What-You-Need-to-Know.aspx?nfstatus=200&nftoken=5adb56f6-3b58-4359-8d20-194334bd5818&nfstatusdescription=SUCCESS%3a+Local+token+is+valid. Accessed July 6, 2012.
Vaccine information statements: diphtheria, tetanus, & pertussis vaccines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-dtap.pdf. Published Ma 17, 2007. Accessed May 18, 2012.
Vaccine information statements: Td or Tdap vaccine. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-td-tdap.pdf. Published January 24, 2012. Accessed May 18, 2012.
- Reviewer: J. Thomas Megerian, MD, PhD, FAAP
- Review Date: 07/2012
- Update Date: 07/16/2012