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(Abdominal hernia; Incisional hernia; Spigelian hernia; Epigastric hernia)
- Incisional hernia—develops along a previous surgical incision
- Epigastric hernia—develops along the upper abdominal wall below the chest
- Spigelian hernia—rare and develops along the side of the abdominal wall
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- Increased abdominal pressure
- Surgery or injury to abdomen
- Heavy lifting
- Straining during bowel movements
- Increased age
- Excess body weight
- Previous abdominal surgery
- Surgical wound infection
- Straining during bowel movements or urination
- Heavy lifting
- Sitting or standing for long periods of time
- Continuous, severe pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- High fever
- Increased sweating
- Abdominal ultrasound
- CT scan
- Learn proper lifting techniques.
- Maintain a normal weight.
American College of Surgeons http://www.facs.org
American Society of General Surgeons http://www.theasgs.org
The Canadian Association of General Surgeons http://www.cags-accg.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Hernias of the abdominal wall. Merck Manual for Health Care Professionals website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gastrointestinal%5Fdisorders/acute%5Fabdomen%5Fand%5Fsurgical%5Fgastroenterology/hernias%5Fof%5Fthe%5Fabdominal%5Fwall.html?qt=ventral hernia&alt=sh. Updated October 2013. Accessed March 20, 2014.
Mittal T, Kumar V, et al. Diagnosis and management of Spigelian hernia: A review of literature and our experience. J Minim Access Surg. 2008;4(4):95-98.
Patient information for laparoscopic ventral hernia repair from SAGES. Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.sages.org/publications/patient-information/patient-information-for-laparoscopic-ventral-hernia-repair-from-sages. Accessed March 20, 2014.
Spigelian hernias. Pediatric Surgery Update. 2004 Apr;22(4):1
Ventral hernia. Dartmouth-Hitchcock website. Available at: http://patients.dartmouth-hitchcock.org/hernia/ventral%5Fhernia.html. Accessed March 20, 2014.
Ventral hernia. UCSF Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/ventral%5Fhernia. Accessed March 20, 2014.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 03/2014
- Update Date: 05/01/2014