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- Thyroid problems
- Previous thyroid surgery
- Autoimmune disease
- Certain types of cancer
- Genetic disorders
- Lack of vitamin D in the diet or through sunlight exposure
- Lack of magnesium in the diet
- Digestive problems such as inflammatory bowel disease
- Certain medications such as diuretics or laxatives
- Inflammation of the pancreas
- Kidney disease or failure—too much calcium excreted
- Certain medications such as bisphosphonates—move calcium to the bones
- Muscle spasms
- Tingling and numbness
- Irregular heartbeat
- Skin changes such as dry, scaly skin
- Coarse hair that easily breaks
- Difficulty breathing in newborns
- Blood tests, possibly including genetic testing
- Urine tests
- Vitamin D
- Thiazide diuretics to decrease the amount of calcium lost through urination
- Parathyroid hormone to treat chronic hypoparathyroidism
Other Supportive Steps
- Eat a diet that contains enough calcium and vitamin D. This is especially important during pregnancy.
- Take calcium or vitamin D supplements if advised by your doctor.
- Manage conditions such as chronic kidney disease and hypoparathyroidism.
American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.aafp.org
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists http://www.aace.com
The Canadian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism http://www.endo-metab.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Cooper M, Gittoes N. Diagnosis and management of hypocalcaemia. BMJ. 2008 June 7;336(7656):1298-1302.
Hypocalcemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 7, 2013. Accessed January 8, 2014.
Hypocalcaemia. Patient UK website. Available at: http://www.patient.co.uk/doctor/Hypocalcaemia.htm. Updated December 14, 2011. Accessed January 8, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 01/2014
- Update Date: 02/12/2014