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Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
(DIC; Consumption Coagulopathy; Defibrination Syndrome)
|Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation|
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- Brain may cause headaches, dizziness and other signs of stroke such as speech and movement problems
- Legs may cause swelling, redness, and warmth
- Lungs can cause shortness of breath
- Heart can cause chest pain or a heart attack
- Bruising that is more frequent or severe than expected
- Red spots on skin (look like series of tiny bruises)
- Excess bleeding from wounds
- Bleeding from gums
- Blood in urine—may cause pink or brown urine
- Dark, tarry stool
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Blood products—to help restore clotting factors balance. You may be given fresh frozen plasma, platelets, or cryoprecipitates.
- Heparin—medication that thins the blood. It may be given in combination with blood products to reduce blood clots.
- Antithrombin III—medication used to slow down clotting in certain patients.
American Medical Association http://www.ama-assn.org
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Healthy U http://www.healthyalberta.com
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). National Heart Lung and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/dic/. Updated November 2, 2011. Accessed April 10, 2013.
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 13, 2013. Accessed March 4, 2013.
Karnik L, Murray J. Anticoagulation in the trauma patient. Trauma. 2005;7:63-68.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 03/2014
- Update Date: 00/50/2014