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(Tinea Unguium; Fungal Nail Infection)
|Fungal Infection of the Toenails|
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- Thickened nail that is difficult to cut
- Brittle or ragged nail
- Discolored or unsightly nail
- Pain in the nail when doing ordinary activities
- Examination under a microscope
- Keep your feet clean. Dry them completely after washing.
- Keep your hands dry and wear rubber gloves when cleaning.
- Keep nails short and clean. Trim them straight across.
- Do not trim or pick at the skin near your nails.
- Avoid injuring your toenails.
- Avoid shoes that are too tight.
- Wear absorbent cotton socks. Change them if they become damp.
- Avoid walking barefoot around swimming pools, locker rooms, and other public places.
- Avoid artificial nails. They can trap moisture.
- If you have diabetes, see your doctor about steps you can take to control your blood sugar.
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
American Board of Dermatology http://www.abderm.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Garcia-Doval I, Cabo F, et al. Clinical diagnosis of toenail onychomycosis is possible in some patients: cross-sectional diagnostic study and development of a diagnostic rule. Br J Dermatol. 2010;163(4):743-751.
Nandedkar-Thomas MA, Scher RK. An update on disorders of the nails. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2005;52:877-887.
Onychomycosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 27, 2012. Accessed December 3, 2012.
Rodgers P, Bassler M. Treating onychomycosis. Am Fam Physician. 2001;63:663-672,677-678.
Thomas J, Jacobson GA, et al. Review article. Toenail onychomycosis: an important global disease burden. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2010;35(5):497-519.
- Reviewer: David L Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 10/2014
- Update Date: 01/13/2014