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Costochondritis is pain in the front of the chest wall. In particular, it is irritation where the bone and cartilage part of the ribs meet.
Sometimes there is also chest swelling and inflammation. This is a condition referred to as Tietze’s syndrome. Neither costochondritis nor Tietze’s syndrome is a serious disease. However, their symptoms are similar to those of several dangerous conditions, like a heart attack .
|The Rib Cage|
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The cause of costochondritis is often not known. At other times, the condition can occur due to injury or overuse.
Factors that may increase your chance of costochondritis include:
Costochondritis may cause:
- Sharp, localized chest pain, which may be made worse by sneezing, coughing, deep breathing, or twisting motions of the chest
Tenderness or swelling over a joint between:
- Rib cartilage and breast bone
- Rib cartilage and rib bone swelling
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may do further tests if the diagnosis is not clear. Tests to examine the ribs more closely may include a chest x-ray .
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Most costochondritis will eventually go away on its own. Treatment is optional, but choices include the following:
Hot or Cold Compresses
Compresses may help provide relief until the condition resolves itself. Try hot and cold compresses to see which is more helpful.
Your doctor may recommend over-the-counter medications to relieve pain and swelling.
A local anesthetic and medication (cortisone) may be injected directly into the area. This may be done if the discomfort does not respond to other treatments.
Family Doctor—The American Academy of Family Physicians
Kids Health—Nemours Foundation
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Costochondritis. EBSCO Dynamed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 23, 2015. Accessed November 24, 2015.
Proulx AM, Zryd TW. Costochondritis: Diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 200915;80(6):617-620.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2015
- Update Date: 11/24/2015