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(Metatarsalphalangeal Joint Sprain; Sprain Big Toe)
|Turf Toe Swelling|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Standing on the balls of your feet as another person falls onto you, causing your big toe to hyperextend
- Stopping suddenly when running, causing your big toe to slide into the end of your shoe and bend up and backward as you go forward
Sports such as:
- Poor coordination
- Increased ankle dorsiflexion
- Wearing athletic shoes with flexible soles
- Playing sports on artificial turf
- Pain and tenderness in the ball of the foot and the big toe
- Swelling and bruising of the ball of the foot and the big toe
- Inability to bear weight on the ball of the injured foot
- Inability to push off on the big toe
- Reduced range of motion in the big toe
- Rest—Activities may need to be restricted at first. Normal activities will be reintroduced gradually as the injury heals.
- Ice—Ice therapy may help relieve swelling.
- Compression—Compression bandages can provide gentle pressure to help move fluids out of the area.
- Elevation—Keeping the affected area elevated can help fluids drain out or prevent fluids from building up.
- A metatarsal pad may be advised to cushion the area under the toe.
- Stiff-soled shoes or rigid orthotics may be advised to keep the toe from hyperextending.
- A walking boot or cast may be needed for more severe injuries.
- A small piece of bone has been broken off by the injury to the ligament
- A ligament is torn completely
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Michael Woods, MD, FAAP
- Review Date: 03/2017
- Update Date: 02/19/2014