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- Tendonitis—An inflammation of the tendon. Although this term is used often, most cases of tendinopathy are not associated with significant inflammation.
- Tendinosis—Microtears in the tendon tissue with no significant inflammation
- Achilles tendon —back of heel
- Patellar tendon , which is attached to the kneecap
- Rotator cuff in the shoulder
- Biceps in the shoulder
- Wrist extensors near the elbow, on the outside
- Wrist flexors near the elbow, on the inside
- Quadriceps tendons
- Ankle tendons
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- Overuse can be the result of doing any activity too much
Strenuous or repetitive activities:
- Physical labor
- Muscle imbalance
- Decreased flexibility
- Alignment abnormalities of the leg
- Pain in the tenon or surrounding area, particularly with activity
- Decreased motion of related joints
- Local swelling
- Severity of symptoms
- The tendon involved
- Length of time symptoms have lasted
- Restricting activities. Normal activities will be reintroduced gradually.
- Ice therapy to help relieve swelling
- A cast, splint, or counterforce brace to support the tendon
- Shoe inserts or orthotics
- Gradually work yourself into shape for a new activity.
- Gradually increase the length of time and intensity of activities.
- If you have a tendon that has been a problem, gradually stretch out that muscle/tendon unit.
- Strengthen the muscle to which the tendon is attached.
- If you have pain, do not ignore it. Early treatment can prevent the problem from becoming serious.
- Learn to back off from activities if you are tired or not used to the activity.
- Warm-up the affected area before activity.
- Reviewer: Warren A. Bodine, DO, CAQSM
- Review Date: 02/2016
- Update Date: 04/24/2014