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|First Degree (Superficial) Burn|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Being exposed to the sun
- Having light skin color
- Taking certain medications that may increase your sensitivity to the sun, such as, antibiotics, diuretics, and birth control pills
- Living in certain areas, such as southern United States
When to Call Your Doctor
- Large areas of blistering
- Extreme pain
- Headache or confusion
- Lightheadedness or vision changes
- Severe swelling
Signs of infection, such as:
- Having open blisters that are draining pus
- Having areas of redness or red streaks spreading or moving away from open blisters
- Apply a cool compress to soothe raw, hot skin.
- Take over-the-counter pain reliever if advised by your doctor.
- Use prescription or over-the-counter topical medications such as silver-based agents or aloe vera if advised by your doctor.
- Take oral or topical corticosteroids if advised by your doctor. These may shorten the course of pain and inflammation. Topical steroids may not relieve skin redness.
- Take prescription antibiotics if an infection develops.
- Be extra careful to protect skin after it peels. The skin is very sensitive after peeling.
- Avoid strong, direct sunlight.
- Plan outdoor activities early or late in the day to avoid peak sunlight hours between 10:00 am and 4:00 pm.
- Choose a broad spectrum sunscreen or sunblock with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30. It should filter out both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays.
- Apply sunscreen liberally, thoroughly, and frequently to all exposed skin. Do not forget your lips.
- Wear protective, tightly woven clothing or special sunblock clothes, as well as a broad-rimmed hat and sunglasses.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 03/2016
- Update Date: 08/05/2015