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- Expressive aphasia—difficulty communicating thoughts through speech and writing
- Receptive aphasia—problems understanding spoken or written language
- Stroke—most common cause
- Traumatic head injury
- Brain tumor
- Brain infection
- Neurodegenerative disorders
- Other brain conditions
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- Increasing age
- Family history of aphasia
- Prior history of transient ischemic attacks (TIA)—sometimes referred to as mini-strokes
- Speaking in short, fragmented phrases
- Putting words in the wrong order
- Using incorrect grammar
- Switching sounds or words
- Speaking in nonsense
- Anomia—word-finding problems
Problems understanding oral language:
- Needing extra time to process language
- Difficulty following very fast speech
- Taking the literal meaning of a figure of speech
- Problems reading
- Problems writing
- Treating the underlying cause of aphasia
- Aphasia symptoms
- Use your remaining communication abilities
- Restore lost abilities
- Learn to compensate for language problems
- Learn other methods of communicating.
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Limit salt and fat in your diet.
- If you smoke, talk to your doctor about how to successfully quit.
- If you drink, do so in moderation. Moderation is 2 or less drinks per day for men and 1 or fewer drinks per day for women.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Control your blood pressure.
- Ask your doctor if you should take low-dose aspirin.
- Properly treat and control chronic conditions, like diabetes.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 02/2016
- Update Date: 02/12/2016