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Treatments for Glaucoma
The management of glaucoma depends on the type, the underlying cause, and the severity of the disease. Treatment may involve medications in the form of eye drops or oral medictions, laser procedures, or surgery.
Glaucoma cannot be cured. The focus and goal of treatment is to control the disease and prevent or slow any further visual damage from occurring.
Numerous studies have shown that lowering the pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure) decreases the risk of glaucoma progression. Just how much to lower the pressure and exactly how to do it is different for everyone. In some cases, you and your doctor may decide against treatment and opt to monitor your eyes for disease progression. If your doctor prescribes treatment, it is important that you follow the regimen as closely as possible.
Treatment involves the following:MedicationsSurgery
Angle-closure glaucoma. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T901114/Angle-closure-glaucoma. Updated July 15, 2016. Accessed September 30, 2016.
Facts about glaucoma. National Eye Institute website. Available at: https://nei.nih.gov/health/glaucoma/glaucoma%5Ffacts. Accessed March 1, 2016.
Glaucoma treatment. American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: http://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/glaucoma-treatment. Updated January 10, 2015. Accessed March 1, 2016.
Open-angle glaucoma. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114157/Open-angle-glaucoma. Updated June 2, 2016. Accessed September 30, 2016.
Weinreb RN, Khaw PT. Primary open-angle glaucoma. Lancet. 2004;363(9422):1711-1720.
What is glaucoma? American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: http://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-is-glaucoma. Updated January 10, 2015. Accessed March 1, 2016.
What is glaucoma? Glaucoma Research Foundation website. Available at: http://www.glaucoma.org/glaucoma. Accessed March 1, 2016.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 03/2016
- Update Date: 03/15/2015