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Diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. The doctor will attempt to rule out other conditions, such as infection, that may be causing your symptoms. If you are diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease, testing can also be used to monitor the disease and assess complications.
Tests may include:
- Blood tests—to look for anemia and signs of inflammation
- Stool sample—to look for the presence of blood or infection
The colon and rectum can be examined with:
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Imaging tests evaluate the intestines and surrounding structures. These may include:
A biopsy may be taken during these tests. A biopsy is a sample of the intestinal tissue that can be examined under a microscope.
Crohn disease in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114217/Crohn-disease-in-adults. Updated September 7, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
IBD. American Gastroenterological Association website. Available at: http://www.gastro.org/patient-care/conditions-diseases/ibd. Accessed October 4, 2016.
Ulcerative colits. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114507/Ulcerative-colitis. Updated September 28, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
What are Crohn's & colitis? Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.ccfa.org/what-are-crohns-and-colitis. Accessed October 4, 2016.
7/6/2015 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114217/Crohn-disease-in-adults: Kim DH, Carucci LR, Baker ME, et al. American College of Radiology appropriateness criteria for Crohn disease. Available at: http://www.acr.org/~/media/ACR/Documents/AppCriteria/Diagnostic/CrohnDisease.pdf. Updated 2014. Accessed October 1, 2015.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 09/2016
- Update Date: 07/06/2015