Return to Index
Treatments for Insomnia
The treatment and management of insomnia depends on its severity and underlying cause. Transient or intermittent insomnia may not need treatment since it lasts only a few days. When treatment is needed it may involve lifestyle changes, medications, and other treatments.
The first step in treating insomnia is to identify and treat any underlying medical or psychological problems. The ultimate goal is to achieve a normal and restorative pattern of sleep.
Treatment may involve the following:Lifestyle changesMedicationsOther treatmentsComplementary and alternative treatments
Buysse DJ. Insomnia. JAMA. 2013;309(7):706-716.
Can't sleep at night? National Sleep Foundation website. Available at: https://sleepfoundation.org/insomnia/home. Accessed March 2, 2016..
How is insomnia treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/inso/treatment. Updated December 13, 2011. Accessed March 2, 2016.
Insomnia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114839/Insomnia-in-adults. Updated March 21, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
Merrigan JM, Buysse DJ, Bird JC, Livingston EH. JAMA patient page. Insomnia. JAMA 2013;309(7):733.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 03/2016
- Update Date: 03/15/2015