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Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for Infants
(Lay Rescuer CPR for Infants)
|Infant Heart and Lung System|
|Infant CPR can keep blood flowing to vital organs until professional help arrives.|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Reasons for Procedure
What to Do
Prior to Procedure
- If someone is with you, have them call for emergency medical services right away and get the automatic external defibrillator (AED). An AED is a device that delivers electric shocks to the infant's heart. If you are alone, do CPR for about 2 minutes before calling for medical help and the AED.
Check to see if the infant is not breathing or only gasping. If this is the case, begin CPR by giving chest compressions:
- Place 2 fingers on the center of the chest just below the nipple line.
- Compress about 1-½ in (inches) in most infants. Push hard and fast at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute.
- Allow the chest to rise completely between compressions.
- Minimize interruption between compressions.
- Give 30 compressions.
After 30 compressions, give 2 rescue breaths:
- Open the airway by gently tilting the head backward.
- Cover the infant's nose and mouth with your mouth.
- Breathe 2 puffs of air into his mouth and nose. Breathe just until you see the chest rise. Breaths should be about 1 second each.
- If you are not trained in CPR, continue doing the chest compressions without giving rescue breaths.
- If medical help has not been called, call after 5 cycles of CPR (about 2 minutes). Call even if the infant is responding and is breathing on his own.
- Continue cycles of 30 compressions and 2 breaths until the AED is brought to you, medical personnel arrive, or the infant responds.
- If another person is present, take turns doing the chest compressions to avoid getting tired. If 2 people are giving CPR, the ratio of chest compressions to breaths is 15 compressions and two breaths.
To use the AED:
- Turn the AED on.
- Attach the pads. Use the child-sized pads if available.
- Follow the prompts. If advised, deliver the shock. If the shock is not advised, the AED will tell you to resume CPR.
How Long Will It Take?
Will It Hurt the Infant?
Call for Help
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 12/2014
- Update Date: 12/20/2014