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Chronic Renal Failure
(Chronic Kidney Disease)
|Anatomy of the Kidney|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- High blood pressure
- Smoking cigarettes
- Heavy alcohol consumption
- Vesicoureteral reflux
- Chronic urinary tract infections
- Exposure to high levels of lead
- Being overweight or obese
- Other family members with kidney disease
- A previous kidney transplant
- Infection with the hepatitis C virus
- Sleeping problems
- Weak appetite
- Shortness of breath
- Altered taste
- Altered mental state
- Blood tests
- Kidney biopsy
- Controlling protein in the urine by restricting the amount of protein in the diet or medication
- Taking ACE inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor antagonists
- Reducing the use of and the dosages of drugs that may be toxic to the kidneys
- Managing the complications of chronic renal disease such as fluid overload, high blood phosphate or potassium levels, low blood level of calcium, and anemia
- Lowering high blood pressure
- Controlling blood sugar and lipid levels
- Staying hydrated
- Controlling salt in the diet
- Participating in an exercise training program to keep you physically fit and reduce the chance of depression
- Quitting smoking
- Undergoing dialysis , a medical process that cleans the blood
- Having a kidney transplant
- Counseling for you and your family about dialysis and/or transplant options
- Get a physical exam every year that includes a urine test to monitor the health of your kidneys.
- If you smoke, talk to your doctor about how you can successfully quit.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Drink water and other fluids to stay hydrated.
- People who have diabetes, previously known kidney disease, high blood pressure, or are over the age of 60 should be screened regularly for kidney disease.
- People with a family history of kidney disease should also be screened regularly.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 06/2016
- Update Date: 04/06/2016