Return to Index
- Acute—short lasting with treatment, often caused by infection
- Chronic—lasts longer than 6 weeks or keeps coming back (less common); cause is not always clear
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- The infections may start in nearby areas such as a urinary tract infections or sexually transmitted infections.
- Injuries may be as a result of trauma or medical treatment such as chemotherapy or local surgery.
- Sexually transmitted infection (STIs), such as chlamydia and gonorrhea
- Urinary tract infection
- Infection of the urethra (urethritis)
- Infection of the prostate (prostatitis)
- Viral infections, such as mumps
- Pain in the testicles
- Sudden redness or swelling of the scrotum
- Hardness, a lump, and/or soreness in the affected testicle
- Tenderness in the unaffected testicle
- Pain and/or burning during urination
- Discharge from the penis
- Pain during intercourse or ejaculation
- Lower abdominal discomfort
- Pain may spread to the groin
- Fever, chills
- Urinalysis—look for abnormal items in the urine
- Urine culture—look for signs of an infection
- Discharge from penis—to look for signs of infection and specific cause
- Blood—to look for abnormalities
- Rest and support
- Bed rest may be needed until the swelling has decreased.
- Use of athletic supporter for several weeks to elevate and support the scrotum.
- Medication such as:
- Antibiotics—to treat a bacterial infections. Partner(s) may also need treatment.
- Oral anti-inflammatory medication—to help reduce swelling.
- Surgery—may be needed for severe chronic epididymitis
- Practice safe sex. Protect yourself from STDs by using condoms.
- Empty your bladder as soon as you feel the need. This may help decrease the risk of urinary tract infections.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 09/2016
- Update Date: 03/13/2017