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Current Research from Top Journals -- Archive
Higher BMI in Adolescence May Increase Risk of Cardiac Death as Adult
May 24, 2016 High BMI is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in adults but researchers wanted to see how early this affect started. The study found that high BMI in adolescents may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life but it is too early to make a firm link.
Exercise May Reduce Risk of Low Back Pain
April 20, 2016 Low back pain is a common complaint that can last a few days or weeks or become a chronic condition with significant impact on well being. Treatments can vary depending on the cause. A recent study found that exercise alone or in combination with education was most effective for preventing low back pain.
Nasal Filters May Improve Seasonal Allergy Symptoms
March 31, 2016 Seasonal allergic rhinitis results in uncomfortable symptoms, such as sneezing, itchy and watery eyes, and sinus pressure and congestion. The best treatment approach is avoiding allergen exposure but it can be difficult with certain allergens. A recent study showed that nasal filters were effective for managing seasonal allergic rhinitis.
Long Work Hours May Increase Risk of Stroke
February 23, 2016 Earlier research has suggested that long working hours may be linked to stroke, but the evidence is limited. This study found that employees who work long hours have a higher risk of stroke than those who do not.
Ginger May Improve Nausea Symptoms in Pregnancy
January 29, 2016 Ginger is one alternative approach that is often used by pregnant women to try to relieve nausea and vomiting related to pregnancy. This study found that ginger capsules and syrup might improve nausea symptoms in women with pregnancy-associated nausea and vomiting.
Parent-Adolescent Communication May Result In Safer Sex
December 31, 2015 Improving parent-adolescent sexual communication has been noted as one factor that could help to encourage adolescents to practice safer sex behavior. This study found that sexual communication with parents plays a small protective role in safer sex behavior among adolescents.
Celiac Disease May Increase the Risk of Bone Fractures
November 30, 2015 Although celiac disease is known to reduce vitamin D and calcium levels in the blood, the link between celiac and bone damage itself is not clear. This study found that celiac disease was associated with an increased risk of bone fractures.
Music May Improve Sleep Quality in Adults with Insomnia
October 28, 2015 Insomnia can make your days miserable and a cure can be hard to find. There are some medications but there is some worry with side effects and the potential for addiction. Music is side effect free and according to this study may help you find sleep.
CPAP May Help Older Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
September 25, 2015 Obstructive sleep apnea can not only make you sleepy but also deeply affect the quality of life and overall health. CPAP has been shown to reduce the effects of sleep apnea but benefits for older adults was not clear. These two studies found that CPAP does appear helpful for older adults with sleep apnea.
Water Before Meals May Promote Weight Loss
August 31, 2015 A randomized trial found that drinking water before main meals led to higher weight loss than those who were asked to imagine a full stomach before main meals. Water preloading is believed to help create a feeling of fullness or satiety during the meal, which may help curb overeating.
Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 30, 2015 A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.
Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight
June 30, 2015 A meta-analysis found that mothers participating in a prenatal exercise group were less likely to have a large newborn, less likely to need a cesarean section, and no more likely to have a low birthweight baby than those who did not exercise. The study supports proper prenatal care advice which advocates for mothers to exercise during pregnancy if allowed by the physician.
Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia
May 29, 2015 A randomized trial found that participants in a mindfulness awareness group showed significant improvement in insomnia symptoms, depression symptoms, and fatigue. Although the trial was small, mindfulness meditation has has been linked to both physical and mental health benefits, including stress reduction. More research may support this finding.
Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery
April 25, 2015 A systematic review found that participants given chewing gum after abdominal surgery may have a faster return to normal for their digestive system. Unfortunately, the quality of trials is low and more research will need to be done before this simple solution is confirmed.
Early Peanut Consumption Associated with Lower Risk of Peanut Allergy in High Risk Children
March 17, 2015 Many medical groups felt that early exposure to certain foods like peanuts increased a child's risk of developing food allergies. However, newer research including this trial suggest that early exposure may actually decrease the risk of developing food allergies.
Breastfeeding May Decrease the Risk of Childhood Obesity
February 20, 2015 Obesity is associated with a complex combination of factors but the earliest feeding habits may play a role in childhood obesity. A review of studies across several countries found that breastfeeding may decrease the risk of obesity in childhood.
Tonsillectomy May Reduce Number of Sore Throat Days in Children
February 20, 2015 Removing the tonsils is a common procedure in children. It is often recommended for children with recurrent infections of the throat to reduce sick days. A study, completed in the United Kingdom, found that a tonsillectomy was associated with fewer sore throats in children who were selected to have the surgery.
Research Review Finds Little Support for Nearly Half of Medical Talk Show Recommendations
January 25, 2015 Health and medical shows are some of the most popular talk shows on television. The hosts, highlighted as experts, offer a plethora of information but this study has found that almost half of those recommendations have little research support.
Strength Training, Tai Chi, and Aerobics May Improve Balance in People With Knee Osteoarthritis
January 25, 2015 Osteoarthritis can make basic movement more difficult and in older adults this can increase the risk of falls. Balance is a major factor in falls and a complication of osteoarthritis but this trial has shown that strength, tai chi, and aerobic training may effectively improving balance in people with osteoarthritis.
Exercise During Pregnancy May Decrease the Risk of Cesarean Birth
December 30, 2014 Exercise during pregnancy has been associated with many benefits for mom and baby. This review supports the trend and finds that even one day of purposeful activity per week may reduce the need for cesarean birth.
Maternal Caffeine Intake May Be Associated with Low Birth Weight
November 30, 2014 Newborns who are underweight are at increased risk of complications, such as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This study found that higher maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy may be associated with a higher risk of having a low birth weight infant.
Prevent Eczema in Kids with a Daily Dose of Moisturizer
November 30, 2014 The painful red, itchy, and scaly rash known as eczema is a common condition in children that is often stubborn to manage. Researchers have found that a daily dose of moisturizer may reduce the development of eczema in newborns who are at higher risk.
Broccoli Sprout Compound Associated with Reduction in Autism Symptoms
October 31, 2014 Autism spectrum disorders is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that affects 1 in every 68 children. Researchers have found that a phytochemical derived from broccoli sprout extracts may improve behavioral problems associated with autism.
Family Meals May Decrease Risk of Obesity in Teens
October 31, 2014 Children and adolescents who are overweight are more likely to be overweight as adults, increasing their risk of health complications. Researchers have found that meals taken together as a family may protect children against becoming overweight or obese young adults.
Screen Time May Affect Social Interaction Skills in Children
September 30, 2014 Television, smart phones, I pads and more offer continual opportunity for entertainment, information, and distraction. This excess screen time in teens has been linked to some health and behavior issues and researchers from California found that screen time may also impact social skills.
Nuts Associate with Lower Risk of Heart Disease and Diabetes
August 28, 2014 Although once villainized, nuts have found popularity as a health food because of their healthy fats, fiber, and protein. This study found that having nuts in your diet may also decrease the risk of common chronic conditions.
Power Toothbrushes May Be More Effective Cleaners Than Manual Brushes
August 28, 2014 There are many power toothbrush options now available but are they worth the investment? This study published in Cochrane Databases found that power toothbrushes may have the edge in cleaning teeth compared to manual toothbrushes.
Shoe Insoles Do Not Appear to Treat or Prevent Low Back Pain
July 20, 2014 Shoe inserts are advertised as potentially helping a number of orthopedic issues but the most common and perhaps popular one is low back pain. Unfortunately, a study from Australia found that inserts were not helpful in decreasing low back pain.
Smoking May Drag Out Fracture Healing
June 27, 2014 You've probably heard how smoking can affect your heart and lungs but your bones too? This randomized trial found that smokers had a greater risk of complications after a fracture than non-smokers.
Tai Chi May Improve Physical Function, Reduce Falls After Stroke
May 27, 2014 A stroke can create muscle imbalances and weakness that increase risk of falls and lead to further injury and extended recovery time. Physical conditioning will help improve muscle strength and function which in turn reduces the risk for falls. This trial has found that Tai Chi may be an effective option.
Diverse Foods Early in Life Associated with Lower Rates of Asthma and Food Allergies
April 29, 2014 Allergies and asthma are caused by an overreaction of the immune system believed to be caused by both genetic and environmental factors, perhaps factors that we come in contact early in life. This trial found that a greater variety of foods in the first year of life may be associated with lower risk of developing asthma or allergies.
Fruits and Vegetables Consumption Still Hold Up For Good Health
March 30, 2014 Fruits and vegetables are encouraged as the cornerstone of a healthy diet in countries worldwide because of their rich nutrition values. This study completed in England shows that this nutrition may translate to greater health.
Positive Mental Health Changes Found After Smoking Cessation
February 20, 2014 Most know the numerous physical benefits of quitting smoking but are reluctant to quit because they rely on their cigarettes for stress relief and decrease anxiety. However, a study, published in the British Medical Journal, found that those who quit had lower stress and anxiety levels than continued smokers.
Parent-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Help Children With Anxiety
January 20, 2014 Anxiety in children can not only impact their current wellness but also increase their risk of future health problems. Fortunately, therapy can be very effective, in fact, researchers from England found that a parent-led behavioral therapy program was successful at helping children manage anxiety.
Regular Consumption of Nuts Associated with Lower Mortality
December 20, 2013 If you happen to be a nut lover, you may find yourself with a few extra years to enjoy them! Researchers found that those who had at least 2 servings of nuts per week had lower mortality during a lengthy cohort study than those who did not eat nuts.
Prolonged Exposure Therapy May Be More Beneficial Than Supportive Counseling for Adolescent Girls with PTSD
November 18, 2013 Some adolescent girls who have suffered a sexual assault trauma can later develop PTSD, a psychological condition that causes them to relive painful moments. Fortunately therapy has been found to be effective in managing PTSD and this study found that Prolonged exposure therapy may be most beneficial.
Physical Activity and Therapy May Decrease Fatigue in People with Rheumatoid Arthritis
October 18, 2013 Fatigue is a common problem with rheumatoid arthritis second only to joint pain. Medications are often relied on for treatment of RA, but it appears regular physical activity can also help manage fatigue.
Poor Sleep Habits Associated with Behavioral Problems in Young Children
October 18, 2013 There are many factors that can affect young children's behavior and sleep may be one of these important factors. Information from the large Millennium Cohort Study showed that irregular bedtimes may be associated with behavior problems in seven year old children.
Regular Physical Activity May Improve Sleep in Women with Menopausal Symptoms
September 22, 2013 Menopause symptoms like hot flashes are mostly nuisance but when they interfere with sleep these symptoms can start to affect your health. Fortunately, a study from the University of Pittsburgh found that regular physical activity may help manage these symptoms and improve sleep quality.
Home-Based Palliative Care May Help Patients With Advanced Illness Stay Home
August 28, 2013 Most who need long term medical care prefer to be in the comforts of their home instead of a medical facility but worry that the care would not be appropriate or be too much of a burden on family. This systematic review found that home-based palliative care may help patients stay at home.
Smoking Cessation Associated with Decreases Risk of Complications After Major Surgery
July 30, 2013 Smoking has been linked to a several chronic diseases but it also appears to increase complications after surgery. Fortunately, this study found that those who quit smoking for 1 year or more were able to reduce their risk of complications compared to current smokers.
Adding Nuts to Diet Not Associated with Increased Weight
June 10, 2013 Nuts are nutrient dense, heart healthy power foods but many stay away from them because of their fat and calorie content. However, Spanish researchers found that nuts, eaten in moderation, are not associated with weight gain.
Increased Potassium Associated with Lower Blood Pressure and Less Stroke Risk in People with Hypertension
May 30, 2013 Potassium has an important roles in regulating blood pressure but diets high in processed foods and low in fruits and vegetables can't provide enough of the important nutrient. Researchers found that people with hypertension can lower their blood pressure by increasing the amount of potassium in their diets.
Lower Sodium Intake Associated with Lower Blood Pressures and Decreased Stroke Risk
May 30, 2013 Sodium, or salt, has long been linked to blood pressure problems but many diets continue to be high in salt, especially processed foods. A review found that people with lower sodium intake not only had lower blood pressure but also had a decreased risk of stroke.
Heavy Alcohol Use May Increase Risk Cancer Death
April 22, 2013 Heavy alcohol use is strongly associated with liver problems but it seems it could also play a role in cancer survival. Researchers from China found that those who average three or more drinks per day were more likely to die from cancer than those who drank occasionally.
Mediterranean Diet May Reduce the Risk of Stroke in People with High Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
March 20, 2013 Diets have been blamed as a contributor to heart disease but some diets, like the Mediterranean diet, may help improve your health. In fact, researchers in Spain found that the Mediterranean diet may even decrease the risk of stroke in people heart disease risk factors.
Pelvic Floor Muscle Training During Pregnancy May Prevent Incontinence After Childbirth
March 20, 2013 Urinary incontinence is a common problem after childbirth. Pelvic floor muscle training can help relieve incontinence but a study in the United Kingdom found that training during pregnancy may help prevent incontinence from happening at all.
Certain Exercises May Help People with Knee Osteoarthritis
February 28, 2013 Exercise is a common and beneficial tool for people with osteoarthritis but the best options is not clear. A large review found that strength, aerobic, and pool exercises may provide the most benefits for reducing pain and improving function in people with osteoarthritis.
Up to One Egg Per Day Not Associated with Increased Risk of Coronary Heart Disease or Stroke
February 28, 2013 Eggs are a good source of protein but some are worried the cholesterol in eggs may increase the risk of heart disease or stroke. However, researchers found that eating up to 1 egg per day did not increase these risks.
Daily Multivitamin May Decrease Risk of Cancer in Men
January 20, 2013 Daily multivitamins may be chosen by an individual or prescribed by a doctor to boost nutrition but studies on its benefits are unclear. The Physician's Health Study II found that men who took daily multivitamins had a lower risk of cancer compared to those who took placebo.
Diet High in Fruits and Vegetables May Reduce Asthma Exacerbations
December 20, 2012 Asthma management includes a balance of medication and avoiding triggers but it appears diet may also play a role. Researchers in Australia found that adults with asthma that had a high intake of fruits and vegetables had fewer asthma exacerbations.
Multiple Servings of Fish Each Week Associated With Lower Risk of Stroke
December 20, 2012 Eating fish has been linked to a variety of heart benefits but can it protect the blood flow in your brain as well? Researchers in England found that people with higher intake of fish did in fact have a lower risk of stroke.
Influenza Vaccine During Pregnancy Associated with Lower Risk of Preterm Birth, Stillbirth, and Infant Mortality
November 21, 2012 The flu is a few days of misery for some, but other like pregnant women are more susceptible to more serious complications from the flu. The complications can affect the mom and baby. Researchers in Texas found that a flu vaccine during pregnancy was associated with fewer infant complications.
Job Stress Linked to the Development of Heart Disease
November 21, 2012 Brief bursts of stress may help motivate you but constant stress can wear you down and lead to serious health issues. In fact, researchers found that job stress alone was associated with an increased risk of a heart related event.
Alcohol Cessation Interventions May Reduce Postoperative Complications in Patients with Heavy Alcohol Use
October 31, 2012 Certain habits like smoking or heavy alcoholic drinking can cause a variety of health issues including increasing your risk of complications after surgery. This review found that an active drinking cessation program before surgery was able to reduce the number of complications after surgery in patients with heavy drinking.
Yoga May Help Reduce Anxiety and Stress
September 13, 2012 Stress cannot always be avoided but healthy lifestyle choices including relaxation techniques can help reduce its impact on your health. US researchers found that yoga appears to be an effective tool for reducing stress and anxiety.
Behavior Therapy May Decrease Tic Symptoms in Adults
September 13, 2012 Tics from neurological conditions are often mild and will pass by adulthood, but some may interfere with daily activities. Medications are available but can have side effects. US researchers have found that a form of therapy called behavioral therapy may help manage tics without side effects.
Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Present in Teens with Highest Incidence in Overweight Teens
August 09, 2012 Certain risk factors like high blood pressure and high cholesterol increase your risk of heart disease. These conditions are most often associated with adults but researchers have found these risk factors in children, particularly those that are overweight.
Omega 3 Fatty Acid Supplements Not Associated with Lower Risk of Heart Events in Adults with Current Heart Disease
August 09, 2012 Omega 3 supplements have gained in popularity as a convenient way to reduce your risk of heart disease. Unfortunately, researchers from Korea did not find a lower risk of new heart problems in adults with current heart disease taking an omega 3 supplement.
Diets Higher in Fruits and Vegetables Associated with Small Decrease in Incidence of Colorectal Cancer
July 10, 2012 A diet high in fruits and vegetables is encouraged as a way to prevent many types of cancer. Researchers in London conducted a large review that found fruits and vegetables did provide some protection against colorectal cancer but the benefits were small.
Probiotic Bifidobacterium Bifidum Associated with Improved Irritable Bowel Symptoms
July 10, 2012 Treatment for irritable bowel syndrome focuses on controlling the symptoms. One new area of interest is the benefits of probiotics. A study from Italy found that a certain probiotic, called Bifidobacterium bifidum MIMBb75, may decrease the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
Antioxidant Supplements Not Associated with Lower Death Rates
June 10, 2012 Antioxidants from foods have been linked to many health benefits but it is not clear if antioxidant supplements can provide the same benefits. A review, conducted by the Cochrane Database, found that supplements were not associated with lower death rates, in fact a few were actually associated with increased death rates.
Stretching Routine Before Bedtime May Decrease Nighttime Leg Cramps
June 10, 2012 Most leg cramps usually pass on their own but, if they occur at night they can interrupt your sleep and that can affect your overall health. Researchers from the Netherlands found that a simple stretching program before bed was able to reduce leg cramps in older adults.
Low-Dose CT Scan May Be Effective Screening Tool for Lung Cancer in People at High Risk
May 10, 2012 Early detection of lung cancer may decrease or delay mortality but it is unclear which tools may be best for screening for this cancer. Researchers from the National Lung Screening Research Team found that a low-dose CT scan in long-term smokers may improve survival rates after lung cancer diagnosis.
Cold-Water Immersion Therapy May Relieve Post-Exercise Soreness
May 10, 2012 Postworkout soreness is common after a new or particularly stressful workout but for athlete's it may also decrease training opportunities. A systematic review of previous studies found that ice baths may decrease delayed-onset muscle soreness.
Fried Foods Not Associated with Increased Risk of Heart Disease
April 15, 2012 You may be surprised to learn that although most healthy diets recommend against fried foods there is little evidence that actually links fried foods and heart disease. This trial published in Spain found that fried foods included in a diet were not associated with increased risk of heart disease.
Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine Not Associated with Increased Risk of Intussusception in Infants
April 15, 2012 Rotavirus vaccine can help prevent the stomach bug with vomiting and diarrhea but early trials showed a potential link between the vaccine and risk of intussusception (folding of intestines) in infants. In a safety study, researchers found that there was no association between this vaccine and risk of intussusception in infants.
Replacing Sweetened Drinks with Noncaloric Drinks May Aid in Weight Loss
March 10, 2012 Calories from daily sweetened or sugary drinks can quickly add up, leading to a creeping weight gain or frustrated attempts at weight loss. A large randomized trial in the United States found that replacing your sweetened drinks with no-calorie options can in fact assist in weight loss.
Tai Chi May Improve Balance in Patients with Parkinson Disease
March 10, 2012 While Parkinson is a progressively degenerative condition, certain exercises may help slow early debilitation. Researchers from Oregon found that Tai Chi-based exercise was most effective at improving balance and decreasing falls than strength training or stretching programs.
Music Therapy May Help Relieve Symptoms of Depression
February 07, 2012 Researchers from Norway examined whether music therapy, when added to standard care, decreased symptoms of depression or anxiety in depressed patients.
Combination of Diet and Exercise May Be Most Effective Weight Loss Tool for Postmenopausal Women
February 07, 2012 Researchers from the United States investigated whether a weight loss program based on calorie reducing diet, physical activity increase, or a combination of both was most beneficial for postmenopausal women.
Shorter Course of Treatment with Combination of Medicines for Latent Tuberculosis May Be as Successful as Long Term Treatment with Single Medicine
January 17, 2012 The trial, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, found that the shorter combination therapy was as effective as long-term therapy at preventing development of TB.
Artificial Sweetener Xylitol May Decrease Risk of Ear Infections in Children
January 17, 2012 The study, published in Cochrane Databases, found that xylitol sugar was in fact associated with decreased risk of ear infection.
Cognitive behavioral therapy may be more effective than interpersonal therapy for social anxiety disorder
December 09, 2011 Researchers from Germany examined the two different methods of psychological therapy to determine if one had better outcomes for patients with social anxiety. The study, published in Archives of General Psychiatry, found that more patients improved with CBT than with IPT.
Obese children who maintain ideal weight in adulthood have similar heart disease risk as those with ideal weight through lifetime
December 29, 2011 Researchers from Finland looked for trends in risk of heart disease in adults who were obese/overweight in childhood. The article published in The New England Journal of Medicine found that adults who were obese in childhood but not in adulthood had similar risk of cardiovascular disease as those who were never obese.
Chocolate consumption associated with decreased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke
November 22, 2011 Researchers in England completed a systematic review to determine what benefits chocolate may have for cardiovascular and metabolic health.
Prenatal folic acid supplements may decrease risk of severe language delay in children
November 22, 2011 The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that prenatal folic acid intake was associated with decreased risk of severe language delay in children aged three years.
Combination Hormonal Contraceptives Not Associated With Increased Weight
October 13, 2011 This review, published in Cochrane Database, found that there was no connection between weight gain and use of combined hormonal contraceptives.
Very Little Evidence Available for Prevention of Lower Leg Injuries in Runners
September 23, 2011 Analysts from the Cochrane Database assessed outcomes of several studies that reviewed injury prevention in runners.
Exercise-based Cardiac Rehabilitation May Decrease Risk of Death and Future Heart Procedures
September 23, 2011 Analysts from the Cochrane Database examined the benefits of exercise-based rehabilitation compared to usual care (standard medication and physician follow-up).
Vitamin D3 Associated With Decreased Risk of Dying in Elderly Women
August 19, 2011 Researchers examined several past studies to determine benefits and harms of vitamin D supplementation.
Parental Smoking Associated with Increased Risk of Smoking Uptake by Children and Adolescents
August 19, 2011 Researchers from the United Kingdom examined the rates of smoking among family members of children or adolescent smokers.
Regular Moderate to Vigorous Exercise Associated With Decreased Risk of Parkinson's Disease
July 08, 2011 Researchers from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences examined possible links between activity levels and development of Parkinson's disease.
Oral Sucrose Associated With Decreased Discomfort During Newborn Screening
July 08, 2011 Researchers from Canada examined steps to reduce discomfort for infants including a topical medication lidocaine, a sucrose solution, or sucrose plus lidocaine.
Physical Training May Reduce Fatigue After Cancer
June 03, 2011 Researchers from the Netherlands investigated whether a mental or physical approach may be best for patients with cancer-related fatigue.
Family-Based Weight Management Program Associated With Improved Weight Loss in Children
June 03, 2011 Yale University investigated the influence of family involvement in a weight management program for children. The study found that family-based counseling led to greater decrease in body mass index (BMI) in children.
Low-carbohydrate Diet Does Not Appear Any More Effective Than Low-fat Diet for Weight Loss in Severely Obese Adolescents
May 26, 2011 Researchers from University of Colorado examined the benefits of a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet compared to a more traditional low-fat diet in severely obese adolescents.
Localized Air Filtration and Pillow Encasement May Reduce Allergy Symptoms at Night in Adults
April 25, 2011 Allergies not only make you miserable during the day but they can hurt your chance of a good night's rest. Researchers from Minnesota tested the effectiveness of a combined approach with pillow encasement and local air filtration.
Mediterranean Diet Associated With Lower Mortality and Lower Rates of Cancer, Parkinson's, and Alzheimer's Disease
April 25, 2011 The Mediterranean diet has been associated with a variety of health benefits such as improving heart health and decreasing risk of certain cancer or diabetes. Researchers from Italy examined the benefits of the Mediterranean diet by the rate of adherence to the diet.
Cognitive Therapy and Graded Exercise May Decrease Fatigue and Improve Function in Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
March 28, 2011 There are many approaches to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome treatment that may include physical, mental, and educational aspects but are any of the approaches superior? Researchers from London found that a program with exercise and mental healthy therapy were associated with improvements in fatigue and function.
Regular Sunscreen Use May Reduce the Risk of Melanoma
March 28, 2011 Sunscreen is recommended to keep your skin from turning red but can it can also decrease your risk of cancer. Researchers from Australian found that regular use of sunscreen may decrease the risk of melanoma.
Antioxidant Supplementation for Males with Subfertility May Increase Chance of Pregnancy
February 28, 2011 Oxidative stress is believed to be one of many different causes of male infertility. Researchers from Cochrane database found that antioxidant supplementation may decrease the effects of this stress and improve pregnancy rates in subfertile men.
External Cephalic Version May Be Able to Turn a Breech Baby Into the Correct Position for a Vaginal Birth
February 28, 2011 Babies that remain in the heads-up position towards the end of pregnancy may result in a breech birth or cesarean section. Fortunately, researchers from Cochrane database found that external cephalic version appears effective in coaxing the baby to the correct position and decreasing the need for cesarean sections.
Acupressure and Acupuncture Not Associated with Decreased Vomiting in Pregnancy
January 24, 2011 Vomitting is a common discomfort in pregnancy and many mothers-to-be are anxious to find safe relief. Researchers from Cochrane database found that acupressure or acupuncture were not associated with significant relief.
Probiotics May Decrease Intensity and Duration of Diarrhea Due to Infections
January 24, 2011 Although generally not a serious threat to health, infectious related diarrhea can make you miserable. Researchers from Cochrane database found that probiotics, good bacteria, may decrease the number of days and intensity of diarrhea.
Calcium Supplementation During Pregnancy May Help Decrease Maternal Death and Morbidity and the Risk of Preeclampsia and Premature Birth
December 16, 2010 Calcium supplements are known for their benefits with bone health but some believe it may also help maternal and infant health when taken during pregnancy. Researchers from Cochrane Database found that calcium during pregnancy decreased risk of death and illness associated with pregnancy.
Regular Brisk Walking Associated with Decreased Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women
December 16, 2010 Physical activity has been associated with a reduced risk in certain types of cancer but the exact amount and intensity of exercise is not clear. Data from the Nurse's Health Study suggest that daily walking may significantly decrease risk of breast cancer in some women.
Topical NSAIDs Appear to be Effective at Decreasing Pain without Systemic Side Effects
November 22, 2010 Oral NSAIDs are a common choice to decrease pain and inflammation but as with any drug there are potential side effects specifically stomach problems or interference with kidney function. Researchers from Cochrane database found that a topical form of NSAIDs was effective in decreasing pain for people with sport injuries without systemic side effects.
Activity May Be Better then Rest for Low Back Pain Recovery
November 22, 2010 Initial reaction to an injured joint is to rest, and if you injure your back this may mean a severe decrease or halt to your activities. However, researchers from the Cochrane database found that getting out of bed and keeping active may help speed your recovery.
PSA Prostate Cancer Screening Not Associated with Decrease Risk of Dying from Cancer
October 29, 2010 PSA is a blood test used to screen for prostate cancer in men, most often recommended for men over age 50. As with any screening test, it is under scrutiny to ensure that the positive aspects of this test outweigh any negative consequences. University of Florida researchers reviewed several past studies and found that PSA screening does not decrease mortality rates in men with prostate cancer.
Green Leafy Vegetables May Decrease Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
October 29, 2010 A balanced diet with plenty of vegetables are often associated with lower risks of many chronic diseases. United Kingdom researchers found that leafy greens in particular may be the key vegetables in decreasing the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes Associated with Increased Risk of Depression
September 15, 2010 Lifestyle changes and challenges, like those due to chroinc illness, may increase the chance of developing depression. Researchers from UK found that people with Type 2 Diabetes have an increased risk of developing depression.
Local Hyperthermia may be Effective Help in Treatment of Plantar Warts
August 16, 2010 Plantar warts will often go away on their own, but some are a bit more stubborn or can develop in painful areas. Current treatments can cause damage to the area around the wart, but researchers from China have found that local hyperthermia may be an effective tool in getting rid of plantar warts with little damage to surrounding area.
Compression-Only CPR Appears to have Similar Survival Rates as Standard CPR
August 16, 2010 Standard CPR steps include rounds of rescue breathing and chest compressions, but rescue breathing may intimidate some bystanders. Two studies from Seattle and Sweden suggest that CPR using chest compressions only may have survival rates as successful as standard CPR survival rates.
Processed Meat Associated with Increased Risk of Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease
July 12, 2010 A diet high in meats has often been linked to higher risk of developing certain diseases but some research suggests specific types of meat may have more risk than others. Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found that regular processed meats may increase risk of both diabetes and heart disease.
Caregiver Group Support and Education Associated with Longer Relapse Intervals for People with Bipolar Disorder
June 25, 2010 Caregivers provide an important link between medical care and homelife, but they may need more assistance than is typically offered. Researchers from Spain found that support sessions and bipolar education for caregivers improved health for people with bipolar disorder.
Meal Replacement Diet May Improve Initial Weight Loss Amounts Compared to Patient Controlled Plan
June 09, 2010 Meal replacement diets are one of many diet options to help people lose weight. Researchers from Medifast found that a meal replacement program appeared to be more beneficial in initial weight loss than a plan that involved participant food preparation, but there were some study limits.
Parent Administered Prednisolone Treatments May Help Reduce Asthma Symptoms and Medical Care in Children
May 24, 2010 Severe asthma attacks in children often include a trip to the doctor's office or emergency room for treatment. Researchers in Australia found that training parents to administer an oral corticosteroid at home not only decreased the need for emergency medical help but also improved recovery.
Vitamin B Therapy Not Associated with Vascular or Kidney Improvements in Patients with Diabetic Neuropathy
May 17, 2010 Vitamins are most often associated with health benefits but can high doses of vitamins create more harm than good? A study from Canada found that high doses of Vitamin B may actually increase kidney and blood vessel health for people with diabetes.
Dietary Saturated Fat Not Associated with Risk for Heart Disease or Stroke
April 28, 2010 Many heart disease and stroke guidelines include recommendations to decrease dietary saturated fats, but the proof of the link is unclear. A systematic review by researchers in California did not find a link between high dietary saturated fats and the development of heart disease or stroke.
Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy for OCD in Children and Adolescents
April 15, 2010 Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) occurs most often in late adolescence and early adulthood and can interfere with day to day life. A Cochrane review found that behavioral/cognitive therapy may be as effective as medication in managing OCD.
Fish in Infant Diet May Be Linked to Decreased Risk of Eczema
March 11, 2010 Eczema is caused by genetic factors but certain environmental irritants and food may be linked to its development. Researchers from Sweden found that infants with an early introduction to fish were less likely to develop eczema.
Walking May Be as Helpful as Resistance Training in Increasing Bone Mineral Density in Men
March 11, 2010 Loss of bone can lead to severe fractures and disability, but there are many steps you can take to build and keep strong healthy bones. Researchers at Curtin University found that walking may be an effective tool in maintaining bone density.
Sleep, Internet Time, and Alcohol Consumption Linked to Higher BMIs in Female Adolescents
February 09, 2010 Obesity in children and adolescents can set the stage for early development of illnesses and obesity in adults. Researchers in Boston found that teens with a lack of sleep, too much time on the internet, and alcohol use were more likely to have higher BMIs.
Heart Medication Linked to Reduction in Incidence and Progression of Alzheimer's Disease
January 26, 2010 Heart medication may be prescribed to help decrease the stress of the heart or to improve its function. A large study from Boston has shown that the medications may also provide some protection against Alzheimer's.
Ginkgo Biloba Not Associated with Slower Decline in Cognitive Function
January 14, 2010 Ginkgo Biloba is often sold as an aid for a healthy brain but it may not be as effective as some believe. In a large study people that were given ginkgo biloba supplements were not foudn to have lower rates of cognitive decline than those that did not take the supplements.
Supplements Associated with Improved Asthma Control in Children
December 15, 2009 Good asthma management can lead to decrease use of medicine, illness, and improved quality of life. Researchers from Egypt found that certain vitamins and dietary supplements may be an effective tool for asthma management in children.
Yoga May Be Beneficial in Asthma Control
December 07, 2009 Researchers from India found that a yoga program may be an effective tool in an asthma management program.
Acetaminophen May Reduce Vaccination Response
November 02, 2009 Acetaminophen is often given just after vaccines to reduce the chance of developing a fever. However, researchers from the Czech Republic found that in addition to lowering fever, the medication may also lower the immune response to the vaccine.
Breastfeeding and Pacifier Use
October 13, 2009 A pacifier can help soothe a cranky baby but some worry that it may discourage the infant from breastfeeding. Researchers from Buenos Aires found in their study that pacifier use did not affect the rate of breastfeeding.
Mediterranean Diet May Be Associated with Decreased Risk of Depression
October 13, 2009 Daily choices like diet or physical activity are known to play an important role in maintaining good physical health but it appears they may also be important for your mental health. Researchers from Spain found that participants who followed a Mediterranean diet were less likely to develop depression.
Lifestyle Habits May Lower Lifetime Risk of Hypertension in Women
September 16, 2009 Hypertension can lead to serious heart and blood vessel disease but there are lifestyle changes you can make to decrease your risk. Researchers from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School found six particular habits that may decrease your risk.
Physical Activity and Screen Time Levels May Predict Risk of Obesity in Children
September 16, 2009 Obesity has been linked to low levels of physical activity and increased hours of time in front of a TV or computer but just how great is the risk? Researchers from Iowa State University found that children with these habits were 3-4 times more likely to be overweight.
Online Self-management Program May Improve Asthma Control
August 20, 2009 Managing asthma can help decrease your sick days and keep you breathing freely. Research from the Netherlands found that an online program may be able to provide support and decrease problems.
Lifestyle Habits May Lower Lifetime Risk of Heart Failure in Men
August 19, 2009 Healthy choices have been encouraged to help decrease the risk of many serious illnesses and now it also may help keep the heart strong. Researchers in Boston found that men with certain healthy habits had significantly lower risks of heart failure.
Web and Computer Based Smoking Cessation Programs May Be Effective
July 28, 2009 Smoking can be a difficult habit to break but supportive tools may increase your chance of success. Researchers in South Korea found that a computer based program may help you stay smoke free through the first year.
Caffeine and Technology Cutting Down Teen Sleep Time
July 28, 2009 Technology is a common part of teens' everyday activities, but it may play a role in their sleep time. Researchers from Drexel University found that teens with high technology use at night were more likely to doze off during the day.
Breastfeeding Linked to Reduced Risk of Heart Disease Later in Life
July 13, 2009 Babies are known to reap benefits from breastfeeding but it appears it may be good for mom too. Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh found that women that breastfed were less likely to develop heart disease later in life.
Water Immersion for Birth May Reduce Labor Pains Without Increasing Risk of Complications
July 13, 2009 Warm water immersion has been used for years to help relieve pain and anxiety for women in labor. A review by the Cochrane database found that this birthing option did appear to reduce the need for pain medication and did not increase the risk of illness for the mother or baby.
Meat Choices Linked to Heart Disease and Cancer Deaths
June 05, 2009 Although the specific reason is not clear, many studies have shown a link between certain illnesses and red or processed meats. Researchers from the National Cancer institute found that eating high levels of these meats may shorten your life expectancy.
Transvaginal Ultrasound and CA 125 Blood Test Not Effective as Screening Test for Ovarian Cancer
June 05, 2009 A screening test for ovarian cancer would help to diagnose the cancer before it spreads. Unfortunately, the PLCO Cancer Screening Trial found that the CA 125 and Transvaginal Ultrasound were not effective tools for ovarian cancer screening.
Folic Acid Fortification Linked to Decrease in Severe Congenital Heart Disease
June 05, 2009 Many studies have shown that having the right amount of folic acid in the diet can help prevent birth defects known as neural tube defects. Researchers from Canada found that folic acid may also play a role in preventing birth defects related to the heart.
Home Births for Low Risk Women Does Not Appear to Increase Risk to Baby
June 05, 2009 Women with low risk pregnancies may choose to have their birth at home rather than a hospital but some are concerned over the safety of homebirths. A study done in the Netherlands found that homebirths attended by certified midwives were just as safe as hospital births.
Movie Smoking May Encourage Teens to Become Adult Smokers
June 05, 2009 Teens that smoke regularly have a high risk of becoming smoking adult and developing deadly illnesses. Researchers from Dartmouth Medical School found that the exposure to smoking images in movies may encourage a long term habit.
Diet Soda Intake Linked to Increase Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
May 07, 2009 Diet soda is often used as a substitute for high sugar drinks for people trying to cut down on calories and sugar intake. However, an observational study from the University of Texas suggests there may be a link between diet soda consumption and type 2 Diabetes.
Replacing Saturated Fats With Polyunsaturated Fats May Decrease Risk of Heart Disease
May 07, 2009 The type of fat you eat can play as large of a role in the risk of heart disease as the amount of fat you eat. Researchers from Denmark found that replacing saturated fats in a diet with polyunsaturated fats may significantly reduce the risk for heart disease.
Follow Up 10 Years After Mercury Vaccine
April 10, 2009 Thimerosal is a preservative made with mercury, that was formally used with vaccines. There were some concerns that the mercury caused developmental issues in children that received vaccines with thimerosal. A 10 year follow-up in Italy found no significant developmental differences in children that had received the vaccine.
Specific Nutrient Changes May Not Effect Weight Loss
April 10, 2009 There are hundreds of choices of diet plans to help you lose weight, many which focus on eliminating or enhancing one nutrient. Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found that what matters most in weight loss is the amount of calories not the source of the calories.
Desvenlafaxine Daily May Reduce Hot Flashes in Menopause
April 10, 2009 The best treatment for hot flashes was HRT but there are concerns about its safety. US researchers found that desvenlafaxine, an antidepressant, may help women manage hot flashes.
Obesity in Children and Adolescents May Increase Risk of Mortality in Adulthood
April 10, 2009 The rates of obesity in children has been climbing at an alarming rate over the last decade. A study from Sweden found that obesity in youth can lead to early death in adulthood.
Phenylephrine May Not Be Effective For Nasal Congestion
April 10, 2009 People with seasonal allergies may begin to flock to medicine cabinets for relief from nasal congestion. But a study done in Vienna suggests that phenylephrine may not be the best choice for relief.
Probiotics May Help Children With Moderate to Severe Eczema
April 10, 2009 Eczema can cause severe dry and scaly patches on the skin and is most common in children. A research review found that adding probiotics to treatment may help to decrease the symptoms in children with severe eczema.
Certain Anti-Depressants May Be Effective for Severe PMS Symptoms
April 10, 2009 Severe PMS can cause intense physical and behavioral symptoms that may interfere with your ability to function socially and professionally. A research review finds that some anti-depressant medication may be effective at relieving these symptoms.
A Review of Tonsillectomy to Treat Sore Throats in Children
April 10, 2009 A tonsillectomy is a common procedure often done for children with recurrent sore throats. A review of past studies indicate that this surgery may not have significant benefits for some.
Higher Vitamin C Intake Associated with Lower Risk of Gout
April 10, 2009 Gout is a painful inflammatory condition that can cause short term disability. Canadian researchers found that a diet rich with high vitamin C levels may help prevent gout.
B vitamins May Not Protect Against Cognitive Decline in Elderly Women
March 06, 2009 Cognitive decline is a common problem associated with aging. Some research has suggested vitamin B may decrease the decline. However, results from the Women’s Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study found that B vitamins did not prevent decline as hoped.
Defining Tolerable Amount of Gluten for People With Celiac Disease
March 06, 2009 People with Celiac Disease benefit greatly from a gluten-free diet, but can some gluten be tolerated? Researchers in England found that the amount of gluten that can be tolerated can vary widely from person to person.
Obesity and Specific Foods Linked With Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
March 06, 2009 In many individuals Type 2 diabetes may be a preventable condition with proper lifestyle changes. Two separate studies found specific weight measurements and food choices that may increase the risk for this type of diabetes.
Shoe Insoles Do Not Appear to Prevent Chronic Low Back Pain
March 06, 2009 Shoes insoles are a common consumer choice to treat back pain. A systematic review by the Cochrane Library suggests that these insoles are not effective in preventing back pain.
Recent Physical Activity Associated With Stroke Prevention
March 06, 2009 Physical activity has been linked to a decrease chance of stroke. Researchers from Germany found that activity in and through adulthood was most beneficial in reducing the risk of stroke.
Web-Based Program May Help Improve Diabetes Management
March 06, 2009 Some find that diabetes management and lifestyle changes can be a difficult task. Many studies have shown that a support system is important and the Center for Health Studies in Seattle found that an online version can be effective.
Acupuncture for Low Back Pain
February 06, 2009 Back pain can greatly impact your life and can be difficult to manage. Research from Northern Ireland suggests that acupuncture may be able to play a role in alleviating back pain.
Exercise Appears Beneficial for Patients With Intermittent Claudication
February 06, 2009 A Cochrane library review found that a basic exercise program may help increase walking times and decrease pain for people with this chronic leg pain.
The Effect of a Mediterranean Diet Supplemented With Nuts on Metabolic Syndrome
February 06, 2009 Researchers in Spain tested the benefits of the Mediterranean diet when healthy fats were encouraged through nuts or olive oil compared to a traditional low fat diet. The diets with nuts or oil appear to have better results.
Outcomes in Midwife Attended Births Compared to Traditional Options
February 06, 2009 A review of birth outcomes from the Cochrane database found that births attended by midwives had some better outcomes than traditional births.
Nicotine Replacement Therapy for Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy
February 06, 2009 Smoking and nicotine can have serious effects on the health of the developing baby, including increasing the risk of death. A study in Denmark found that women that tried nicotine replacement therapy during pregnancy had lower risks of stillbirths than those that continued smoking.
Peanut Butter Linked to Salmonella Food Poisoning
February 06, 2009 Salmonella tainted peanut butter has been responsible for making hundreds of people sick over the last couple of months. The CDC was able to track the source of infection through a series of case studies.
Preteen Alcohol Use Associated With Suicide in Adolescents
February 06, 2009 The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control reviewed the results of a national teen violence survey to find if there is a link between alcohol use and teen violence. The study found that early use of alcohol may be connected to some types of violence.