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Current Research from Top Journals -- Archive
Swaddling May Increase Risk of SIDS
July 31, 2017 Swaddling is a practice used to wrap infants in cloth to mimic the mother's womb and promote calm and sleep. One study found that the risk of SIDS from swaddling was higher in infants in front or side sleep positions.
Non-nutritive Sucking May Reduce Time to Oral Feeding
June 28, 2017 Sucking on a pacifier, known as non-nutritive sucking, has been thought to encourage sucking behavior and improve digestion. Researchers wanted to assess the effects of non-nutritive sucking on physiologic stability and nutrition in preterm infants. The study, published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, found that non-nutritive sucking reduces the time infants need to transition from tube to oral feeding.
Capsaicin Patch May Improve Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy Symptoms
May 31, 2017 Researchers wanted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of capsaicin in diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Capsaicin is a chili pepper extract that produces a burning sensation when applied to the skin. It affects the nerves and reduces the activity of pain receptors. The study, published in the Journal of Pain, found that capsaicin treatment provides modest improvements in pain and sleep quality.
Maternal Vaccine May Reduce Infant Risk of Pertussis
April 20, 2017 Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious bacterial infection that is especially dangerous to infants until they receive a 3-vaccine series called DTaP. One study, published in Pediatrics, found that maternal Tdap vaccination during pregnancy is highly protective against infant pertussis, especially in the first 2 months of life.
Music Interventions May Help Patients Cope With Cancer
December 27, 2016 Cancer symptoms and treatment side effects can cause both physical pain as well as anxiety and depression. A recent study found that music interventions may have beneficial effects on anxiety, pain, fatigue, and depression in patients with cancer.
Activity Trackers May Not Lead to Weight Loss in Those Under 35
November 30, 2016 Adults who are obese are at an increased risk of heart disease and stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, certain types of cancer, and other complications. Activity trackers can help you monitor and track fitness-related data, but they may not lead to weight loss in those under 35.
Yoga May Improve Quality of Life in Patients with Asthma
August 19, 2016 Many factors affect asthma management, including taking medications, avoiding environmental triggers, and staying physically fit. Researchers found that yoga was associated with improvements in quality of life and reduced symptoms in people with asthma.
Acupressure May Improve Breast Cancer-Related Fatigue
July 31, 2016 Cancer-related fatigue can last for an extended period of time and can make it difficult to complete daily tasks and affect quality of life. Alternative treatments are gaining notice. This study showed that acupressure reduced persistent fatigue.
Whole Grain May Reduce Risk of Chronic Disease
June 30, 2016 Previous studies have strongly suggested that eating whole grains is an effective way to lower the risk of many chronic diseases, but the amount of whole grains is not always clear. This study found that 3-7 servings of whole grain everyday was associated with a reduced risk of a number of chronic diseases.
Higher BMI in Adolescence May Increase Risk of Cardiac Death as Adult
May 24, 2016 High BMI is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in adults but researchers wanted to see how early this affect started. The study found that high BMI in adolescents may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life but it is too early to make a firm link.
Exercise May Reduce Risk of Low Back Pain
April 20, 2016 Low back pain is a common complaint that can last a few days or weeks or become a chronic condition with significant impact on well being. Treatments can vary depending on the cause. A recent study found that exercise alone or in combination with education was most effective for preventing low back pain.
Nasal Filters May Improve Seasonal Allergy Symptoms
March 31, 2016 Seasonal allergic rhinitis results in uncomfortable symptoms, such as sneezing, itchy and watery eyes, and sinus pressure and congestion. The best treatment approach is avoiding allergen exposure but it can be difficult with certain allergens. A recent study showed that nasal filters were effective for managing seasonal allergic rhinitis.
Long Work Hours May Increase Risk of Stroke
February 23, 2016 Earlier research has suggested that long working hours may be linked to stroke, but the evidence is limited. This study found that employees who work long hours have a higher risk of stroke than those who do not.
Ginger May Improve Nausea Symptoms in Pregnancy
January 29, 2016 Ginger is one alternative approach that is often used by pregnant women to try to relieve nausea and vomiting related to pregnancy. This study found that ginger capsules and syrup might improve nausea symptoms in women with pregnancy-associated nausea and vomiting.
Parent-Adolescent Communication May Result In Safer Sex
December 31, 2015 Improving parent-adolescent sexual communication has been noted as one factor that could help to encourage adolescents to practice safer sex behavior. This study found that sexual communication with parents plays a small protective role in safer sex behavior among adolescents.
Celiac Disease May Increase the Risk of Bone Fractures
November 30, 2015 Although celiac disease is known to reduce vitamin D and calcium levels in the blood, the link between celiac and bone damage itself is not clear. This study found that celiac disease was associated with an increased risk of bone fractures.
Music May Improve Sleep Quality in Adults with Insomnia
October 28, 2015 Insomnia can make your days miserable and a cure can be hard to find. There are some medications but there is some worry with side effects and the potential for addiction. Music is side effect free and according to this study may help you find sleep.
CPAP May Help Older Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
September 25, 2015 Obstructive sleep apnea can not only make you sleepy but also deeply affect the quality of life and overall health. CPAP has been shown to reduce the effects of sleep apnea but benefits for older adults was not clear. These two studies found that CPAP does appear helpful for older adults with sleep apnea.
Water Before Meals May Promote Weight Loss
August 31, 2015 A randomized trial found that drinking water before main meals led to higher weight loss than those who were asked to imagine a full stomach before main meals. Water preloading is believed to help create a feeling of fullness or satiety during the meal, which may help curb overeating.
Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 30, 2015 A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.
Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight
June 30, 2015 A meta-analysis found that mothers participating in a prenatal exercise group were less likely to have a large newborn, less likely to need a cesarean section, and no more likely to have a low birthweight baby than those who did not exercise. The study supports proper prenatal care advice which advocates for mothers to exercise during pregnancy if allowed by the physician.
Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia
May 29, 2015 A randomized trial found that participants in a mindfulness awareness group showed significant improvement in insomnia symptoms, depression symptoms, and fatigue. Although the trial was small, mindfulness meditation has has been linked to both physical and mental health benefits, including stress reduction. More research may support this finding.
Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery
April 25, 2015 A systematic review found that participants given chewing gum after abdominal surgery may have a faster return to normal for their digestive system. Unfortunately, the quality of trials is low and more research will need to be done before this simple solution is confirmed.
Breastfeeding May Decrease the Risk of Childhood Obesity
February 20, 2015 Obesity is associated with a complex combination of factors but the earliest feeding habits may play a role in childhood obesity. A review of studies across several countries found that breastfeeding may decrease the risk of obesity in childhood.
Tonsillectomy May Reduce Number of Sore Throat Days in Children
February 20, 2015 Removing the tonsils is a common procedure in children. It is often recommended for children with recurrent infections of the throat to reduce sick days. A study, completed in the United Kingdom, found that a tonsillectomy was associated with fewer sore throats in children who were selected to have the surgery.
Maternal Caffeine Intake May Be Associated with Low Birth Weight
November 30, 2014 Newborns who are underweight are at increased risk of complications, such as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This study found that higher maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy may be associated with a higher risk of having a low birth weight infant.
Prevent Eczema in Kids with a Daily Dose of Moisturizer
November 30, 2014 The painful red, itchy, and scaly rash known as eczema is a common condition in children that is often stubborn to manage. Researchers have found that a daily dose of moisturizer may reduce the development of eczema in newborns who are at higher risk.
Family Meals May Decrease Risk of Obesity in Teens
October 31, 2014 Children and adolescents who are overweight are more likely to be overweight as adults, increasing their risk of health complications. Researchers have found that meals taken together as a family may protect children against becoming overweight or obese young adults.
Screen Time May Affect Social Interaction Skills in Children
September 30, 2014 Television, smart phones, I pads and more offer continual opportunity for entertainment, information, and distraction. This excess screen time in teens has been linked to some health and behavior issues and researchers from California found that screen time may also impact social skills.
Nuts Associate with Lower Risk of Heart Disease and Diabetes
August 28, 2014 Although once villainized, nuts have found popularity as a health food because of their healthy fats, fiber, and protein. This study found that having nuts in your diet may also decrease the risk of common chronic conditions.
Shoe Insoles Do Not Appear to Treat or Prevent Low Back Pain
July 20, 2014 Shoe inserts are advertised as potentially helping a number of orthopedic issues but the most common and perhaps popular one is low back pain. Unfortunately, a study from Australia found that inserts were not helpful in decreasing low back pain.
Smoking May Drag Out Fracture Healing
June 27, 2014 You've probably heard how smoking can affect your heart and lungs but your bones too? This randomized trial found that smokers had a greater risk of complications after a fracture than non-smokers.
Tai Chi May Improve Physical Function, Reduce Falls After Stroke
May 27, 2014 A stroke can create muscle imbalances and weakness that increase risk of falls and lead to further injury and extended recovery time. Physical conditioning will help improve muscle strength and function which in turn reduces the risk for falls. This trial has found that Tai Chi may be an effective option.
Diverse Foods Early in Life Associated with Lower Rates of Asthma and Food Allergies
April 29, 2014 Allergies and asthma are caused by an overreaction of the immune system believed to be caused by both genetic and environmental factors, perhaps factors that we come in contact early in life. This trial found that a greater variety of foods in the first year of life may be associated with lower risk of developing asthma or allergies.
Positive Mental Health Changes Found After Smoking Cessation
February 20, 2014 Most know the numerous physical benefits of quitting smoking but are reluctant to quit because they rely on their cigarettes for stress relief and decrease anxiety. However, a study, published in the British Medical Journal, found that those who quit had lower stress and anxiety levels than continued smokers.
Parent-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Help Children With Anxiety
January 20, 2014 Anxiety in children can not only impact their current wellness but also increase their risk of future health problems. Fortunately, therapy can be very effective, in fact, researchers from England found that a parent-led behavioral therapy program was successful at helping children manage anxiety.
Regular Consumption of Nuts Associated with Lower Mortality
December 20, 2013 If you happen to be a nut lover, you may find yourself with a few extra years to enjoy them! Researchers found that those who had at least 2 servings of nuts per week had lower mortality during a lengthy cohort study than those who did not eat nuts.
Regular Physical Activity May Improve Sleep in Women with Menopausal Symptoms
September 22, 2013 Menopause symptoms like hot flashes are mostly nuisance but when they interfere with sleep these symptoms can start to affect your health. Fortunately, a study from the University of Pittsburgh found that regular physical activity may help manage these symptoms and improve sleep quality.
Home-Based Palliative Care May Help Patients With Advanced Illness Stay Home
August 28, 2013 Most who need long term medical care prefer to be in the comforts of their home instead of a medical facility but worry that the care would not be appropriate or be too much of a burden on family. This systematic review found that home-based palliative care may help patients stay at home.
Adding Nuts to Diet Not Associated with Increased Weight
June 10, 2013 Nuts are nutrient dense, heart healthy power foods but many stay away from them because of their fat and calorie content. However, Spanish researchers found that nuts, eaten in moderation, are not associated with weight gain.
Heavy Alcohol Use May Increase Risk Cancer Death
April 22, 2013 Heavy alcohol use is strongly associated with liver problems but it seems it could also play a role in cancer survival. Researchers from China found that those who average three or more drinks per day were more likely to die from cancer than those who drank occasionally.
Certain Exercises May Help People with Knee Osteoarthritis
February 28, 2013 Exercise is a common and beneficial tool for people with osteoarthritis but the best options is not clear. A large review found that strength, aerobic, and pool exercises may provide the most benefits for reducing pain and improving function in people with osteoarthritis.
Daily Multivitamin May Decrease Risk of Cancer in Men
January 20, 2013 Daily multivitamins may be chosen by an individual or prescribed by a doctor to boost nutrition but studies on its benefits are unclear. The Physician's Health Study II found that men who took daily multivitamins had a lower risk of cancer compared to those who took placebo.
Diet High in Fruits and Vegetables May Reduce Asthma Exacerbations
December 20, 2012 Asthma management includes a balance of medication and avoiding triggers but it appears diet may also play a role. Researchers in Australia found that adults with asthma that had a high intake of fruits and vegetables had fewer asthma exacerbations.
Job Stress Linked to the Development of Heart Disease
November 21, 2012 Brief bursts of stress may help motivate you but constant stress can wear you down and lead to serious health issues. In fact, researchers found that job stress alone was associated with an increased risk of a heart related event.
Yoga May Help Reduce Anxiety and Stress
September 13, 2012 Stress cannot always be avoided but healthy lifestyle choices including relaxation techniques can help reduce its impact on your health. US researchers found that yoga appears to be an effective tool for reducing stress and anxiety.
Behavior Therapy May Decrease Tic Symptoms in Adults
September 13, 2012 Tics from neurological conditions are often mild and will pass by adulthood, but some may interfere with daily activities. Medications are available but can have side effects. US researchers have found that a form of therapy called behavioral therapy may help manage tics without side effects.
Antioxidant Supplements Not Associated with Lower Death Rates
June 10, 2012 Antioxidants from foods have been linked to many health benefits but it is not clear if antioxidant supplements can provide the same benefits. A review, conducted by the Cochrane Database, found that supplements were not associated with lower death rates, in fact a few were actually associated with increased death rates.
Stretching Routine Before Bedtime May Decrease Nighttime Leg Cramps
June 10, 2012 Most leg cramps usually pass on their own but, if they occur at night they can interrupt your sleep and that can affect your overall health. Researchers from the Netherlands found that a simple stretching program before bed was able to reduce leg cramps in older adults.
Cold-Water Immersion Therapy May Relieve Post-Exercise Soreness
May 10, 2012 Postworkout soreness is common after a new or particularly stressful workout but for athlete's it may also decrease training opportunities. A systematic review of previous studies found that ice baths may decrease delayed-onset muscle soreness.
Fried Foods Not Associated with Increased Risk of Heart Disease
April 15, 2012 You may be surprised to learn that although most healthy diets recommend against fried foods there is little evidence that actually links fried foods and heart disease. This trial published in Spain found that fried foods included in a diet were not associated with increased risk of heart disease.
Replacing Sweetened Drinks with Noncaloric Drinks May Aid in Weight Loss
March 10, 2012 Calories from daily sweetened or sugary drinks can quickly add up, leading to a creeping weight gain or frustrated attempts at weight loss. A large randomized trial in the United States found that replacing your sweetened drinks with no-calorie options can in fact assist in weight loss.
Tai Chi May Improve Balance in Patients with Parkinson Disease
March 10, 2012 While Parkinson is a progressively degenerative condition, certain exercises may help slow early debilitation. Researchers from Oregon found that Tai Chi-based exercise was most effective at improving balance and decreasing falls than strength training or stretching programs.
Regular Sunscreen Use May Reduce the Risk of Melanoma
March 28, 2011 Sunscreen is recommended to keep your skin from turning red but can it can also decrease your risk of cancer. Researchers from Australian found that regular use of sunscreen may decrease the risk of melanoma.
Topical NSAIDs Appear to be Effective at Decreasing Pain without Systemic Side Effects
November 22, 2010 Oral NSAIDs are a common choice to decrease pain and inflammation but as with any drug there are potential side effects specifically stomach problems or interference with kidney function. Researchers from Cochrane database found that a topical form of NSAIDs was effective in decreasing pain for people with sport injuries without systemic side effects.
Activity May Be Better then Rest for Low Back Pain Recovery
November 22, 2010 Initial reaction to an injured joint is to rest, and if you injure your back this may mean a severe decrease or halt to your activities. However, researchers from the Cochrane database found that getting out of bed and keeping active may help speed your recovery.
PSA Prostate Cancer Screening Not Associated with Decrease Risk of Dying from Cancer
October 29, 2010 PSA is a blood test used to screen for prostate cancer in men, most often recommended for men over age 50. As with any screening test, it is under scrutiny to ensure that the positive aspects of this test outweigh any negative consequences. University of Florida researchers reviewed several past studies and found that PSA screening does not decrease mortality rates in men with prostate cancer.
Green Leafy Vegetables May Decrease Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
October 29, 2010 A balanced diet with plenty of vegetables are often associated with lower risks of many chronic diseases. United Kingdom researchers found that leafy greens in particular may be the key vegetables in decreasing the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes Associated with Increased Risk of Depression
September 15, 2010 Lifestyle changes and challenges, like those due to chroinc illness, may increase the chance of developing depression. Researchers from UK found that people with Type 2 Diabetes have an increased risk of developing depression.
Local Hyperthermia may be Effective Help in Treatment of Plantar Warts
August 16, 2010 Plantar warts will often go away on their own, but some are a bit more stubborn or can develop in painful areas. Current treatments can cause damage to the area around the wart, but researchers from China have found that local hyperthermia may be an effective tool in getting rid of plantar warts with little damage to surrounding area.
Compression-Only CPR Appears to have Similar Survival Rates as Standard CPR
August 16, 2010 Standard CPR steps include rounds of rescue breathing and chest compressions, but rescue breathing may intimidate some bystanders. Two studies from Seattle and Sweden suggest that CPR using chest compressions only may have survival rates as successful as standard CPR survival rates.
Dietary Saturated Fat Not Associated with Risk for Heart Disease or Stroke
April 28, 2010 Many heart disease and stroke guidelines include recommendations to decrease dietary saturated fats, but the proof of the link is unclear. A systematic review by researchers in California did not find a link between high dietary saturated fats and the development of heart disease or stroke.
Fish in Infant Diet May Be Linked to Decreased Risk of Eczema
March 11, 2010 Eczema is caused by genetic factors but certain environmental irritants and food may be linked to its development. Researchers from Sweden found that infants with an early introduction to fish were less likely to develop eczema.
Ginkgo Biloba Not Associated with Slower Decline in Cognitive Function
January 14, 2010 Ginkgo Biloba is often sold as an aid for a healthy brain but it may not be as effective as some believe. In a large study people that were given ginkgo biloba supplements were not foudn to have lower rates of cognitive decline than those that did not take the supplements.
Supplements Associated with Improved Asthma Control in Children
December 15, 2009 Good asthma management can lead to decrease use of medicine, illness, and improved quality of life. Researchers from Egypt found that certain vitamins and dietary supplements may be an effective tool for asthma management in children.
Acetaminophen May Reduce Vaccination Response
November 02, 2009 Acetaminophen is often given just after vaccines to reduce the chance of developing a fever. However, researchers from the Czech Republic found that in addition to lowering fever, the medication may also lower the immune response to the vaccine.
Breastfeeding and Pacifier Use
October 13, 2009 A pacifier can help soothe a cranky baby but some worry that it may discourage the infant from breastfeeding. Researchers from Buenos Aires found in their study that pacifier use did not affect the rate of breastfeeding.
Mediterranean Diet May Be Associated with Decreased Risk of Depression
October 13, 2009 Daily choices like diet or physical activity are known to play an important role in maintaining good physical health but it appears they may also be important for your mental health. Researchers from Spain found that participants who followed a Mediterranean diet were less likely to develop depression.
Lifestyle Habits May Lower Lifetime Risk of Hypertension in Women
September 16, 2009 Hypertension can lead to serious heart and blood vessel disease but there are lifestyle changes you can make to decrease your risk. Researchers from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School found six particular habits that may decrease your risk.
Lifestyle Habits May Lower Lifetime Risk of Heart Failure in Men
August 19, 2009 Healthy choices have been encouraged to help decrease the risk of many serious illnesses and now it also may help keep the heart strong. Researchers in Boston found that men with certain healthy habits had significantly lower risks of heart failure.
Caffeine and Technology Cutting Down Teen Sleep Time
July 28, 2009 Technology is a common part of teens' everyday activities, but it may play a role in their sleep time. Researchers from Drexel University found that teens with high technology use at night were more likely to doze off during the day.
Meat Choices Linked to Heart Disease and Cancer Deaths
June 05, 2009 Although the specific reason is not clear, many studies have shown a link between certain illnesses and red or processed meats. Researchers from the National Cancer institute found that eating high levels of these meats may shorten your life expectancy.
Home Births for Low Risk Women Does Not Appear to Increase Risk to Baby
June 05, 2009 Women with low risk pregnancies may choose to have their birth at home rather than a hospital but some are concerned over the safety of homebirths. A study done in the Netherlands found that homebirths attended by certified midwives were just as safe as hospital births.
Movie Smoking May Encourage Teens to Become Adult Smokers
June 05, 2009 Teens that smoke regularly have a high risk of becoming smoking adult and developing deadly illnesses. Researchers from Dartmouth Medical School found that the exposure to smoking images in movies may encourage a long term habit.
Diet Soda Intake Linked to Increase Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
May 07, 2009 Diet soda is often used as a substitute for high sugar drinks for people trying to cut down on calories and sugar intake. However, an observational study from the University of Texas suggests there may be a link between diet soda consumption and type 2 Diabetes.
Follow Up 10 Years After Mercury Vaccine
April 10, 2009 Thimerosal is a preservative made with mercury, that was formally used with vaccines. There were some concerns that the mercury caused developmental issues in children that received vaccines with thimerosal. A 10 year follow-up in Italy found no significant developmental differences in children that had received the vaccine.
Specific Nutrient Changes May Not Effect Weight Loss
April 10, 2009 There are hundreds of choices of diet plans to help you lose weight, many which focus on eliminating or enhancing one nutrient. Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found that what matters most in weight loss is the amount of calories not the source of the calories.
Certain Anti-Depressants May Be Effective for Severe PMS Symptoms
April 10, 2009 Severe PMS can cause intense physical and behavioral symptoms that may interfere with your ability to function socially and professionally. A research review finds that some anti-depressant medication may be effective at relieving these symptoms.
B vitamins May Not Protect Against Cognitive Decline in Elderly Women
March 06, 2009 Cognitive decline is a common problem associated with aging. Some research has suggested vitamin B may decrease the decline. However, results from the Women’s Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study found that B vitamins did not prevent decline as hoped.
Web-Based Program May Help Improve Diabetes Management
March 06, 2009 Some find that diabetes management and lifestyle changes can be a difficult task. Many studies have shown that a support system is important and the Center for Health Studies in Seattle found that an online version can be effective.
Acupuncture for Low Back Pain
February 06, 2009 Back pain can greatly impact your life and can be difficult to manage. Research from Northern Ireland suggests that acupuncture may be able to play a role in alleviating back pain.
Nicotine Replacement Therapy for Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy
February 06, 2009 Smoking and nicotine can have serious effects on the health of the developing baby, including increasing the risk of death. A study in Denmark found that women that tried nicotine replacement therapy during pregnancy had lower risks of stillbirths than those that continued smoking.
Peanut Butter Linked to Salmonella Food Poisoning
February 06, 2009 Salmonella tainted peanut butter has been responsible for making hundreds of people sick over the last couple of months. The CDC was able to track the source of infection through a series of case studies.
Preteen Alcohol Use Associated With Suicide in Adolescents
February 06, 2009 The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control reviewed the results of a national teen violence survey to find if there is a link between alcohol use and teen violence. The study found that early use of alcohol may be connected to some types of violence.