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Men’s Health Matters
Advice from US Preventive Services Task Force
Screening Procedures for Men
Why It Is Important
|Aortic abdominal aneurysm (AAA)||A smoking history greatly increases risk. An undetected aneurysm that ruptures has a high mortality rate.||Men between ages 65 and 75 who have ever smoked should have an ultrasound screening for the presence of AAA.|
High blood pressure
|High blood pressure increases the risk of stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and other problems. The only way to tell if you have high blood pressure is to have it checked. There are no symptoms.||Men aged 18 and over should have their blood pressure checked.|
|High cholesterol causes most of the same problems as high blood pressure.||Beginning at age 35, men should have their cholesterol checked. If you are at an increased risk for coronary artery disease, you should have it checked beginning at age 20.|
|Colon and rectal cancers are the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths for men in the US. Early detection can drastically reduce the likelihood you will die from the disease.||
Men aged 50-70 years old should be screened for colorectal cancer. When to be screened depends on which test your doctor recommends:
USPSTF recommends against screening for men over 85 years old.
Abnormal glucose and type 2 diabetes
|Diabetes is associated with long-term complications that affect almost every part of the body. If detected early enough, you can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes and the complications.||Men aged 40-70 years old who are overweight or obese should be screened for abnormal blood glucose levels as part of a normal cardiovascular disease risk assessment. Talk to your doctor about your risk factors and how to better manage them.|
|Symptoms of depression include feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and lost of interest in activities that you once enjoyed. Treatment can alleviate the symptoms in many cases.||USPSTF recommends routine screening for adults. If you have any symptoms related to depression, talk to your doctor. Depression is treatable.|
|Being overweight or obese can greatly increase your risk of a variety of other health problems.||Adults aged 18 and over should be screened for obesity.|
Sexually transmitted disease (STD)
|There are many different kinds of STDs, and some of symptoms may go unrecognized.||If you have had unprotected sex or engaged in other risky behavior talk to your doctor about being tested for STDs, including:|
- Squamous cell carcinoma—Affects the upper layers of the skin.
- Basal cell carcinoma—Originates in the deeper basal cells, but can appear on the skin's surface layers.
- Melanoma—Tumors that arise in the skin that gives moles their dark color. Melanomas are not as common, but they are more aggressive and deadlier because they can spread to other parts of the body.
- Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)
- Tetanus-diphtheria (Td) or Tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis (Tdap)
- Varicella or Shingles
- Hepatitis A and B
- Human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2016
- Update Date: 02/15/2016