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Reasons for Procedure
- Trauma , such as a leg fracture
- Bone infection
- Congenital defect or other condition that affects your bone growth, such as Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome
- Short stature, such as dwarfism
- Cerebral palsy
- Excess bleeding
- Adverse reaction to anesthesia
- Infection (may be around the pins or wires that are inserted during the procedure)
- Blood clots
- Nausea and vomiting
- Joint stiffness
- Bone length may not be exact, such as longer or shorter than planned
- Muscle contraction (muscle shortens)
- Nerve injury
- Problems with the new bone forming
- Chronic disease such as diabetes or obesity
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- A physical exam
- Measure your legs
- Take x-rays
- You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure.
- Avoid eating or drinking after midnight the night before surgery.
Description of the Procedure
- External fixation device—This framed device is positioned around the leg. Pins and wires are placed through the skin and tissue to reach the bone and lengthen it. Some have a dial attached to the frame. This dial is turned to slowly lengthen the bone.
- Internal fixation device—This is placed inside the leg. It is positioned on the bone. Some of these devices have a nail with a tool that automatically lengthens the bone. In other cases, it is used with the external device.
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How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Give medication to prevent blood clots
- Have you breathe deeply and cough regularly to prevent fluid build-up in the lungs
- Encourage you to get out of bed and walk using crutches or a walker
- Have you start physical therapy the day after surgery
- Teach you how to adjust the fixation devices
- Teach you how to care for the pin and wire sites for an external fixation device
- Washing their hands
- Wearing gloves or masks
- Keeping your incisions covered
- Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the same
- Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
- Not allowing others to touch your incisions
- Use crutches or a walker. Do not put weight on your leg until your doctor gives you permission.
- If you have a device that needs to be adjusted, carefully adjust it throughout the day as instructed.
- Keep the external fixation device clean, especially around the pins and wires, to prevent infection.
- Work with a physical therapist. They will focus on stretching and strengthening your leg.
- Follow your doctor's instructions.
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, such as fever, chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge around the incision or pin and wire sites
- Pain and/or swelling in the feet, calves, or legs
- Pain that you cannot control with the medication you were given
- Cough, shortness of breath, chest pain
- Severe nausea or vomiting
- Numbness, tingling, or loss of feeling in your leg, knee, or foot
- Problems or concerns about the fixation devices
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Warren A. Bodine, DO, CAQSM
- Review Date: 11/2017
- Update Date: 12/20/2014