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Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults
- Proteinuria—high amounts of protein in the urine
- Hyperlipidemia—high fat and cholesterol levels in the blood
- Edema—swelling in the blood
- Hypoalbuminia—low levels of albumin (a protein made by the liver) in the blood
|Anatomy of the Kidney|
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- Glomerulonephritis—inflammation of the glomeruli from infection or other causes
- Diabetic nephropathy—kidney complications from diabetes
- Membranous nephropathy
- IgA nephropathy
- Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
- Renal amyloidosis—abnormal protein deposits in the kidneys
- Minimal change disease
- Other diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus, certain infections, toxins, drugs, allergic reactions, sickle cell disease, renal vein thrombosis, and some types of cancer
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Exposure to drugs or toxins
- Certain infections
Swelling around the following body parts:
- Weight gain from excess fluids
- Shortness of breath
- Poor appetite
- Foamy urine
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- Adjust your diet to replace protein lost in the urine.
- Use ACE inhibitors to reduce protein loss in some cases.
- Treat edema by restricting salt intake and taking diuretics.
- Lower cholesterol and blood pressure with diet, exercise, and medications.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 06/2016
- Update Date: 08/04/2016