About 52 million people in the United States suffer from osteoporosis, a condition resulting from severely low bone density. Low bone density occurs when your body is unable to make enough new bone tissue to replace the tissue it has lost.
“People with osteoporosis are at great risk for a fracture because their bones have become brittle and weak,” says Patrick R. Knight, MD, orthopedic surgeon at Saint Francis Medical Center. “Women are at a much higher risk of breaking a bone than men because of hormonal changes in their bodies.”
So how do you avoid a fracture? The best way is to rebuild bone tissue. Your body needs calcium to do that, and vitamin D helps your body use calcium, so your doctor may recommend calcium or vitamin D supplements. Exercise can also help strengthen your bones and reduce your risk of falling.