Many different subtypes of breast cancer are categorized according to what is causing the tumor to grow, whether it be estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2).
Triple negative breast cancer is an especially aggressive type of cancer that is not fueled... Read more
Breast Cancer Index (BCI) is a test to help doctors determine the likelihood that certain types of breast cancer will return after five years and whether extended hormonal therapy will benefit the patient.
Carlos Robles, MD
“When a woman is first diagnosed with estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer, cancer... Read more
Cancer patients have another weapon in their fight against the deadly disease: immunotherapy. It is changing cancer care, and making treatment more powerful with fewer side effects.
Immunotherapy uses the body’s natural defense system to fight against cancer. Unlike chemotherapy, which destroys both cancer cells and healthy... Read more
Nearly 250,000 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women this year. As Breast Cancer Awareness Month, October serves as a reminder for patients to undergo an annual screening mammogram at Saint Francis Medical Center’s Womancare or Saint Francis Clinic Poplar Bluff.
In addition... Read more
People who fall victim of cancer have many more options for treatment, thanks to advances in immunotherapy and targeted therapies.
Immunotherapy consists of treatments that stimulate the immune response to fight cancer. “Previously, there were no good treatments for melanoma,” says Carlos Robles, MD, medical oncologist/hematologist, Saint... Read more
Some parents know before birth that their baby will need extra help in its first few weeks of life. But other times, complications can arise unexpectedly. Birth depression occurs when a baby does not receive enough oxygen and blood during delivery, and it can happen due... Read more
While lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States, researchers are developing new treatments every day to help prolong lives of lung cancer patients.
Typically, the first line of treatment is surgery. A surgeon may remove a small section of lung, an... Read more
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that affects millions of Americans. At Saint Francis Healthcare System, there are many options to relieve the pain, from conservative to surgical.
“On the conservative end, primary care physicians can provide anti-inflammatory medication,” says Brian C. Schafer, MD, orthopedic surgeon who practices... Read more
Saint Francis Medical Center recently achieved the highest overall quality and safety rating of all Cape Girardeau hospitals, according to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). In 10 out of 11 quality measures, Saint Francis achieved the highest ranking out of all hospitals in... Read more
Nurse practitioners are nurses who have undergone advanced training and are able to diagnose and treat illnesses and injuries, order lab work and imaging tests, and write prescriptions. They can manage many health conditions, teach health promotion and help patients with disease prevention.
“Saint Francis Healthcare System... Read more
High cholesterol is a common condition that can have deadly consequences. One in six Americans suffers from high levels of cholesterol. A high cholesterol problem leads to heart disease and raises your risk of heart attack and stroke.
“A certain amount of cholesterol is good for your... Read more
Treatment for brain tumors is based on the tumor size, location and likelihood of spreading or recurring. There are four grades of tumors – I, II, III and IV.
Tumors that are classified as grades I or II grow slowly and are generally benign. While these tumors... Read more
Saint Francis Medical Center offers three certified nurse midwives, Tracy Carr, RN, BSN, MSN, CNM, Megan Keeney, MSN, APRN, FNP-BC, CNM and Meredith J. Gruenwald, FNP-BC, CNM, who serve as primary caregivers for moms-to-be and are present during their labor and delivery.
“Certified nurse midwives have a... Read more
Gastrointestinal disorders affect millions of Americans. Among the most common are gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and celiac disease.
GERD: This condition causes damage to the lining of the esophagus and is often characterized by heartburn that occurs more than once a week.
IBS: Affecting... Read more
When you see your primary care physician for your annual checkup, ask about undergoing a stroke screening.
People who are most at risk for stroke are those who have close family members who suffered a stroke before the age of 50. Those older than 60 who have... Read more
That strange-looking spot on your skin may be a sign of something dangerous. If you are concerned about an area, talk to your primary care physician about a skin cancer screening.
“As with other cancers, you want to catch any kind of skin cancer early,” says Robert... Read more
The ulnar nerve is in the arm and connected to the small muscles of the hand, some forearm muscles and the ring and pinkie fingers. Cubital tunnel syndrome occurs when increased pressure is applied to the ulnar nerve.
Common symptoms of cubital tunnel syndrome are pain and... Read more
The effects of a concussion sometimes can last for months after the original injury. Symptoms of post-concussion syndrome include headaches, dizziness, irritability, fatigue, decreased concentration and fogginess.
“Post-concussion syndrome is not dependent on the severity of the injury,” says Heidi J. Hunter, MD, physical medicine and rehabilitation... Read more
If you have certain types of heart disease, you are at risk for forming blood clots. These clots can travel to the brain or other parts of your body and cause a stroke or a heart attack.
Doctors typically prescribe blood thinners for patients who have a... Read more
About 10 to 15 percent of Americans suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a disorder that causes abdominal pain and problems like diarrhea or constipation.
There are five main treatment options for IBS-C (IBS with constipation):
Diet: The Food and Drug Administration recommends women consume 25 grams of... Read more